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Legal & Policy Resources

A curated, searchable database of gleaning-related federal and state laws, legal and policy resources, and research organizations.

10 PA. CONS. STAT. § 354 (1981).

Title: Donor immunity. This law protects any person who donates food to a charitable or religious organization for free distribution from criminal or civil liability for any injury arising from the condition of such food, except in cases of negligence, recklessness, intentional misconduct, “or if the donor has, or should have had, actual or constructive knowledge that the food is tainted, contaminated or harmful to the health or well-being of the ultimate recipient.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Pennsylvania

10 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 355 (1996)

Title: Charitable or Religious Organization Immunity. This law protects any bona fide charitable or religious organization which receives and distributes food from criminal or civil liability for any injury arising from the condition of such food. Protection from liability does not extend in cases of negligence, recklessness, intentional misconduct, or where the organization had actual or constructive knowledge that the food is harmful to the ultimate recipient.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Pennsylvania

23 VA. ADMIN. CODE § 10-110-142 (1987).

Title: Virginia taxable income; subtractions. This law establishes a tax incentive for contributions that are made to a nonprofit organization as defined by the law, including contributions of crops to a nonprofit food bank. The “subtraction for qualified agricultural contributions is equal to the lowest wholesale market price in the nearest regional market of the type of products donated during the months in which donations are made.” Further, the law provides additional provisions that must be met in order to qualify for such subtraction.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

23 VA. ADMIN. CODE § 10-120-102 (1987).

Title: Virginia taxable income; subtractions. This law establishes a tax incentive for contributions that are made to a nonprofit organization as defined by the law, including contributions of crops to a nonprofit food bank. Further, the law provides additional provisions that must be met in order to qualify for such subtraction.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

42 PA. CONS. STAT. § 8338 (1990).

Title: Liability for damages from donated food and grocery products. This law protects a person who donates food or grocery products to a nonprofit organization for free distribution from civil or criminal liability for any injury or death arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct. Further, this law protects a person who allows gleaning on property owned or occupied by him or her from “civil or criminal liability that arises due to the injury or death of any individual involved in the collection or gleaning of donations,” except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Pennsylvania

62 D.C. REG. 1504 (MARCH 4, 2015).

Title: D.C. Urban Farming and Food Security Act of 2014. This law amends the Food Production and Urban Gardens Program Act of 1986 in regards to updating the law to urban farming. This law, in part, provide a tax credit for individual tax payers, corporations, and unincorporated businesses that donate food grown from urban farming or community gardens.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: District of Columbia

62 PA. CONS. STAT. § 4050.4 (2010).

Title: Pennsylvania Agricultural Surplus System Act. This law establishes the Pennsylvania Agricultural Surplus System (PASS) to enable the food industry to donate, sell or otherwise provide food products to the charitable food organizations. The law also provides a list of requirements that PASS must include to carry out the act.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Pennsylvania

745 ILL. COMP. STAT. 50/3 (2001).

Title: Donors and gleaners exempt from liability. This law protects farmers, wild game donors, food producers, processors, distributors, wholesalers, retailers, gleaner of foods, not for profit corporations, charitable organizations, or any other persons who donate “perishable canned or farm food items, prepared food, day old bread, or wild game” to a not for profit corporation or charitable organization which receives and distributes such food free of charge from civil liability for any illness or disease resulting from the condition of the food unless the injury resulted from the willful, wanton, or reckless acts of the donor. If the donor had “actual or constructive knowledge that the food was tainted, contaminated, or harmful to the health or well-being of the recipient of such donated food,” they are not immune from liability.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Illinois

745 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 50/4 (2004)

Title: Immunity for charitable or non-profit organizations which receive and distribute donated foods; scope. This law protects nonprofit organizations that receive and distribute food without charge from liability from damages the food causes to the ultimate food recipient. The protection from liability exists unless the damage resulted from the willful, wanton, or reckless act of the nonprofit organization. In addition, if the nonprofit had “actual or constructive knowledge that the food was tainted, contaminated, or harmful to the health or well-being of the recipient of such donated food,” they are not immune from liability.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Illinois

745 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 65/3 and 745 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 65/6 (2001)

Title: Recreation Use of Land and Water Areas Act. These laws protect a landowner from liability from any person who uses the land for recreation or conservation purposes without charge unless the landowner willfully or wantonly failed to warn or guard “against a dangerous condition, use, structure, or activity.” Recreational activity means “entry by the general public onto the land of another for any activity undertaken for conservation, resource management, educational, or outdoor recreational use,” and could include gleaning.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Illinois

A Citizen's Guide to Food Recovery

Gleaning case study from the USDA AmeriCorps.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

A Glimpse of Gleaning at Seattle Farmers Markets, A Guide of Best Practices & Creative Ways Hunger Relief Programs Can Access Farmers Markets

This guide focuses on the gleaning process between farmers markets and hunger relief organizations. It illustrates creative ways that hunger relief programs have utilized farmers markets, describes current challenges to this process, and highlights resources to help create stronger gleaning programs. Cite: Emma Kent, A Glimpse of Gleaning at Seattle Farmers Markets, A Guide of Best Practices & Creative Ways Hunger Relief Programs Can Access Farmers Markets, Jewish Family Service, Meals Partnership Coalition, & Rotary First Harvest (2010).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

A Lot to Digest: Advancing Food Waste Policy in the United State

Uses a cost-benefit analysis to strategically target unjustifiable costs and reduce waste along the food chain.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

A Public-Private Initiative to Reduce Food Waste: A Framework for Local Communities

This paper provides background information on hunger in the U.S. and suggests public/private initiatives and stakeholder management can build successful initiatives to reduce food waste. It includes a discussion of liability concerns associated with gleaning. Cite: Steven M. Finn, A Public-Private Initiative to Reduce Food Waste: A Framework for Local Communities, Graduate Studies Journal of Organizational Dynamics, 1:1 (2011).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

After the Harvest

Kansas City, MO based nonprofit that gleans from farms in Missouri and Kansas, recovering crops left behind by mechanical pickers. Food is distributed to local hunger relief organizations. They also recover unmarketable “already picked and packed” produce from commercial farms, grocery stores and produce packers for donation to local food banks. The website includes information for volunteers, farmers, food banks and other hunger relief agencies.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Missouri

Ag Against Hunger

Salinas, CA based organization that recovers surplus crops and food from farmers and food shippers for distribution to food banks and like organizations. The website includes information for volunteers and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

ALA. CODE § 20-1-6 (1981).

Title: Nonliability of good faith donors and distributors of canned or perishable food. This law protects a food donor who donates canned or perishable food to a charitable or nonprofit organization, and the charitable or nonprofit organization which distributes such food without charge, from “criminal or civil liability arising from an injury or death due to the condition of such food,” except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: Alabama

ALA. CODE § 6-5-343 (2004).

Title: Liability for farmer allowing nonprofit entity onto property. This law provides “any farmer, as an owner, lessee, occupant, or person otherwise in control of land,” who allows a nonprofit entity to enter the land for the purposes of removing any crops that remain in the fields after harvest. The land owner owes the nonprofit entity the same duty of care as described in ALA. CODE §6-5-345, to act with reasonable care and without causing willful or intentional injury.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: Alabama

Alameda Backyard Growers

Alameda, CA based nonprofit that maintains a network of gardeners who share information and resources and donate surplus produce to Alameda Food Bank. The website includes information for volunteers, gardeners and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

ALASKA STAT. § 17.20.345 (2004).

Title: Liability of food donor. This law protects a food donor who donates food “for free distribution by a food bank” from “civil or criminal liability arising from an injury or death attributable to the condition of the donated food,” except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: Alaska

ALASKA STAT. § 17.20.346 (2004).

Title: Liability of food bank. This law protects a food bank or nonprofit organization “that receives and distributes food” from “civil or criminal liability arising from an injury or death attributable to the condition of the food,” if the food bank inspects the food in a reasonable manner, had “no actual or constructive knowledge at the time the food is distributed” that would make the food unfit for human consumption, and “the injury or death is not a direct result of the negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct of the food bank.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: Alaska

Aloha Harvest

Honolulu, HI nonprofit that rescues food from restaurants, hotels, government facilities and others and delivers it to hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for partners and recipient agencies.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Hawaii

AmeriCorps Participants, Programs, and Applicants, 45 C.F.R. § 2522.110(b)(2)(ii)(1994).

This regulation allows organizations involved in gleaning and/or recovery of food crops or other foods that would otherwise be discarded to apply as "Specialized Service Programs" making them eligible to compete for AmeriCorps grants.

Type: Federal Laws & Regulations Region: National

AmpleHarvest.org

Nationwide nonprofit providing education and support to growers and gardeners who want to donate excess crops. Food pantries can register with AmpleHarvest.org to make it easier for growers to find them. The website includes information for growers, food pantries, and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: National

ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 36-916 (1991).

Title: Donation of food items; exemption from civil liability; definitions. This law protects a person who donates or harvests “an apparently wholesome food item or an apparently fit nonfood grocery product” to a charitable or nonprofit organization, and the charitable or nonprofit organization which distributes such food without charge, from civil liability for any injury or death due to the condition of such products, except in cases of intentional misconduct or gross negligence. Further, the law protects a property owner or manager who allows gleaning of food by a person or a charitable or nonprofit organization from civil liability for any injury or death of the person collecting food for donation, except in cases of intentional misconduct or gross negligence.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: Arizona

ARK. CODE ANN. § 18-60-107 (1989).

Title: Gathering produce-liability. This law protects an owner, tenant, or lessee who allows gleaning of “agricultural or farm products” on their land from liability for any person who is injured on the land while gleaning, except in cases of gross negligence or willful and wanton misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southwest State: Arkansas

ARK. CODE ANN. § 20-57-103 (1981).

Title: Canned or perishable food. This law protects a food donor who donates canned or perishable food to a charitable or nonprofit organization for “free distribution or distribution at a nominal cost” from “criminal or civil liability arising from an injury or death due to the condition of the food,” except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: Arkansas

Arkansas Hunger Relief Alliance

Little Rock, AK based nonprofit that partners with the Society of St. Andrew on a statewide gleaning project. Crops gleaned from fields and orchards are distributed to food banks, pantries, soup kitchens, and shelters and their Grow a Row program encourages urban farmers to donate to their communities. The website includes information for volunteers, farmers, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: Arkansas

Arlington Food Assistance Center

Arlington County, VA based nonprofit organization that operates extensive food recovery and education programs including on farm gleaning, retrieving surplus produce from farmers markets, bagging, distribution, and health education classes. The website provides information for volunteers, farmers, donors, recipients, and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

Assistance for Community Food Projects, 7 U.S.C.A. §2034 (2008).

This law creates a program under which the Secretary of Agriculture may annually make grant funds available to “private, nonprofit entities” for projects that benefit underserved communities. These projects can include the work of gleaning and food recovery organizations.

Type: Federal Laws & Regulations Region: National

Association of Arizona Food Banks

Phoenix, AZ based nonprofit association working on the Arizona Statewide Gleaning Project, which gleans and distributes surplus food to food banks throughout the state. The website includes information for volunteers, food recipients, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: Arizona

Atlanta Community Food Bank

Atlanta, GA based nonprofit organization that runs Atlanta's Table, which recovers prepared food from restaurants, caterers, corporate dining rooms, hotels, convention centers, special events and other food service providers for distribution to the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Georgia

B-Line: Sustainable Urban Delivery

Portland, OR based transportation company that runs the B-Share Program, in which individuals, groups or companies buy a “share” and B-Line delivers 40 meals to hunger relief organizations in the greater Portland area. B-Line also accepts donations of surplus food to the B-Share program. The website includes information for partners and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Backyard Bounty

Backyard Bounty is a volunteer-powered gleaning program of the Foodbank of Santa Barbara County. We work with gardeners and farmers to keep fresh local produce from going to waste. From southern Santa Barbara County's citrus and avocado orchards to north county's rich vegetable and strawberry fields we work to make sure everybody in our community has access to healthy fruits and vegetables grown in our own back yard.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Backyard Harvest

Moscow, ID based nonprofit organization whose volunteers donate backyard produce like garden surplus and fruit for low-income families and seniors. The website includes information for donors, food recipients and volunteers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Idaho

Baltimore Orchard Project

Baltimore, MD based nonprofit organization that gleans fruit from trees in public and private areas for distribution for the food insecure in Baltimore and offers resources for planting a community orchard or registering an individual fruit tree. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Maryland

Bay Area Food Bank

This nonprofit services areas of Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Their gleaning program harvests, packs and transports produce to partner agencies. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: National State: Alabama

Bear Smart Durango Fruit Gleaning Program

Durango, CO, nonprofit that partners with Healthy Community Food Systems, FLC Environmental Center, and Colorado State University Extension on their Fruit Gleaning Hub. The Hub is an online platform for fruit seekers to connect with fruit growers with excess harvest. The website includes information for growers and harvesters.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Colorado

Bellingham Food Bank

Bellingham, WA based food bank that operates the Small Potatoes Gleaning Project which rescues produce from local farms for delivery to food banks throughout Whatcom County. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Washington

Beyond Bread: Healthy Food Sourcing in Emergency Food Programs

This guide includes an extensive chapter on gleaning that addresses how to lay the groundwork to begin a gleaning program, information about engaging and managing volunteer gleaners, as well as descriptions of organizations that can serve as resources. Cite: Jessica Powers, Theresa Snow, Suzanne Babb, Beyond Bread: Healthy Food Sourcing in Emergency Food Programs, WhyHunger (June 26 2014).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act, 42 U.S.C.A. § 1791 (1996).

The Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act (the Act) protects individuals and nonprofit organizations from civil and criminal liability associated with the “condition... of apparently wholesome” foods if donated in “good faith.” The Act also protects farmers from civil and criminal liability in the event individuals collecting food for donation to charity are injured on their property, except in cases of gross negligence.

Type: Federal Laws & Regulations Region: National

Borderlands Food Bank

The food bank runs Produce On Wheels - With Out Waste (P.O.W.W.O.W.). The program disperses fresh produce to communities at churches, schools and other entities throughout Southern Arizona and the Metropolitan Tucson and Phoenix service areas. 10 million lbs. of fresh nutritional rescued produce annually are delivered to agency sites for distribution to supporters.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Arizona

Boston Area Gleaners

Boston Area Gleaners is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit established in 2004 focused on agricultural gleaning in Greater Boston. The website includes information for farmers and individual volunteers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Massachusetts

Boulder Food Rescue

Boulder, CO based nonprofit that runs programs including Community Fruit Rescue and the Food Rescue Alliance. Community Fruit Rescue encourages residents to engage in urban gleaning, while the Food Rescue Alliance works to increase food recovery and decrease food waste throughout the Rocky Mountain region and the country. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and food recovery advocates.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Colorado

Bread for the City

Washington, DC based nonprofit organization that runs Glean for the City, which captures surplus food from farmers markets and through direct food donations from community members. The website includes information for volunteers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: District of Columbia

CAL. CIV. CODE § 846.2 (1988).

Title: Invitees on land to glean food for charitable purposes; limited immunity. This law protects an owner, tenant, or lessee who allows gleaning of “agricultural or farm products for charitable purposes” from liability for any person who is injured on the land while gleaning, except in cases of gross negligence or willful and wanton misconduct. Further, the immunity “does not apply if the owner, tenant, or lessee received any consideration for permitting the gleaning activity.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: California

CAL. FOOD & AGRIC. CODE § 49001 (2015).

Title: Creation of Office. This law establishes the Office of Farm to Fork to work with organizations “involved in promoting food access to increase the amount of agricultural products available to underserved communities and schools in this state,” including the agricultural industry, nonprofits, academic institutions, and local, state, and federal government agencies. The Office, in part, will provide assistance for collaboration among farmers, food banks, agencies, and nonprofits in the “gleaning, collection, and distribution of agricultural products for the purposes of reducing hunger and increasing access to healthy foods.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: California

CAL. FOOD & AGRIC. CODE § 58503 (1977).

Title: Surplus food collection and distribution centers. This law allows the board of supervisors of any county to establish a surplus food collection and distribution system and a 24-hour information and food collection center. The center would provide information to connect where agricultural products are available and what organizations need such donated agricultural products and for “collecting, receiving, handling, storing, and distributing donated agricultural products.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: California

CAL. FOOD & AGRIC. CODE § 58505 (1977).

Title: Liability for injuries; counties or donors. This law protects any county, county agency, or person who donates any agricultural product from liability for any injury in connection with such donated product, except in cases of gross negligence or willful act.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: California

Cal. Food & Agric. Code § 58505-6 (1977)

Title: Donations of Food. This law protects anyone who engages in selling, distributing or processing agriculture products and donates those products free of charge from liability from injuries resulting from the donated product except where the injury results from gross negligence or a willful act. This law does not protect non-profit charitable organizations from liability for injury.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: California

CAL. HEALTH & SAFETY CODE § 114376 (2015).

Title: Community food produces or gleaners; authority to directly sell or provide whole uncut fruits or vegetables or unrefrigerated shell eggs; requirements; registration. This law authorizes a community food producer or a gleaner to “sell or provide whole uncut fruits or vegetables, or unrefrigerated shell eggs, directly to the public, to a permitted restaurant, or a cottage food operation,” if the community food producer meets all of the specified requirements within the statute and any additional requirements adopted by a local jurisdiction.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: California

CAL. HEALTH & SAFETY CODE § 114376.5 (2015).

Title: Operations inspections of community food producers or gleaners in response to a food safety recall or food safety complaint; costs; cease and desist orders; penalties for violations of Section 114376. This law authorizes an enforcement officer to inspect the operations of a community food producer or gleaner in response to a food safety recall or complaint and to issue the appropriate order for any violations.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: California

CAL. REV. & TAX. CODE § 17053.12 (1996).

Title: Donated agricultural products; credits for transportation costs. This law allows a tax credit for a taxpayer who transports any donated agricultural product in accordance with the Food and Agricultural Code, of an “amount equal to 50 percent of the transportation costs paid or incurred by the taxpayer in connection with the transportation of that donated agricultural product.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: California

CAL. REV. & TAX. CODE § 17053.88 (2011).

Title: Qualified taxpayers donating fresh fruits or vegetables to food bank; credit against net tax; amount; deduction reduced; certification; carryover; report to Legislature. This law allows a tax credit for a taxpayer who donates fresh fruits or vegetables to a food bank located in California of “an amount equal to 10 percent of the cost that would otherwise be included in inventory costs” under the appropriate sections of the Internal Revenue Code. The tax credit is set to expire on January 1, 2017.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: California

CAL. REV. & TAX. CODE § 23608 (2000).

Title: Donated agricultural products; credits for transportation costs. This law allows a tax credit for a taxpayer who transports any donated agricultural product in accordance with the Food and Agricultural Code of an “amount equal to 50 percent of the transportation costs paid or incurred by the taxpayer in connection with the transportation of that donated agricultural product.” The law also provides additional provisions in regards to the above tax credit.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: California

CAL. REV. & TAX. CODE § 23688 (2011).

Title: Qualified taxpayers donating fresh fruits or vegetables to food bank; credit against net tax; amount; deduction reduced; certification; carryover. This law allows a tax credit for a taxpayer who donates fresh fruits or vegetables to a food bank located in California of “an amount equal to 10 percent of the cost that would otherwise be included in inventory costs” under the appropriate sections of the Internal Revenue Code. The tax credit is set to expire on January 1, 2017. The law also provides additional provisions in regards to the above tax credit.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: California

California Association of Food Banks

California based nonprofit association that runs a Farm to Family program which works with farmers to ship surplus food to member food banks for distribution to hunger relief organizations around the state. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and advocates.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Cascade Gleaning Association

Snohomish, WA based nonprofit that works with local grocery stores, farms, restaurants and other food industry members glean perishable and shelf- stable foods for distribution to the food insecure through local food banks. The website includes information for members and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Washington

Center for Human Services

Modesto, CA based nonprofit that runs the Harvesting Futures program, which combines youth development and education with harvesting fruit from backyard orchards and farms. The fruit is distributed to area food banks. The website includes information for donors, volunteers and food and service recipients.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Center for Innovative Food Technology

Toledo, OH based organization that operates a Grow a Row program drawing crop donations from large farms and small gardeners. The website includes information for growers and food industry members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Ohio

Channels Food Rescue

South Central PA nonprofit organization recovering food from grocery stores, food distribution companies and other businesses for distribution to hunger relief organizations. The organization also manages a Plant-a-Row program. The website includes information for volunteers and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Pennsylvania

Charitable, etc., contributions and gifts, IRC Section 170(e)(3) (2010).

Internal Revenue Code section allowing C-corporations an enhanced deduction for qualified contributions of food inventory to qualified organizations.

Type: Federal Laws & Regulations Region: Northeast

Charleston Kosher Food Pantry

Charleston, SC based nonprofit nonprofit food bank that organizes gleaning activities and distributes food through their food bank and other partner organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, food and service recipients, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: South Carolina

City Fruit

Seattle, WA based nonprofit focused on preserving fruit trees and orchards, increasing education around tree care and the ability of communities to harvest fruit, and providing fresh fruit to those who need it. The website includes information for volunteers, tree owners, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Washington

City Harvest

New York City based nonprofit engaging in food rescue from farms, restaurants, cafeterias and other venues and delivering it across the five boroughs while providing additional services to address long term food insecurity. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors, and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

City Harvest

New York City based nonprofit engaging in food rescue from farms, restaurants, cafeterias and other venues and delivering it across the five boroughs, while providing additional services in addressing long term food insecurity. Information for volunteers, food donors, and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

City Harvest

New York City based nonprofit engaging in food rescue from farms, restaurants, cafeterias and other venues and delivering it across the five boroughs, while providing additional services in addressing long term food insecurity. Information for volunteers, food donors, and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

City Harvest

New York City based nonprofit engaging in food rescue from farms, restaurants, cafeterias and other venues and delivering it across the five boroughs, while providing additional services in addressing long term food insecurity. Information for volunteers, food donors, and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

COLO. REV. STAT. § 13-21-113 (2012).

Title: Donation of Items of food—exemption from civil and criminal liability. This law protects farmers, retail food establishments, processors, distributors, wholesalers, and retailers of food who donate food items to a nonprofit organization, and the nonprofit organization which transfers or distributes such food without charge, from civil or criminal liability for damages “resulting from the nature, age, condition, or packaging of such donated foods,” except in cases of willful, wanton, or reckless acts of donors” or if the “nonprofit organization acted unreasonably.” Further, the law prohibits any nonprofit organization from selling or offering to sell such donated food items. Nothing in this law relieves any nonprofit organization that distributes food to the needy from liability.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: Colorado

Colorado Springs Food Rescue

Colorado Springs, CO based food rescue nonprofit that recovers fresh produce and prepared foods and baked goods. Volunteers pick up food using bicycles and bike trailers and delivers it to a hunger relief organization. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and food recuse advocates.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Colorado

Community Action Coalition for South Central Wisconsin, Inc.

South Central WI nonprofit that serves three counties and was formerly Wisconsin Harvest They recover food from grocery stores, restaurants, and other food distributors. Food is then distributed at no cost to senior centers, shelters, community centers, soup kitchens and low-income housing complexes. The website includes information for volunteers, food and service recipients and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Wisconsin

Community Food Bank of Southern Arizona

Tucson, AZ based nonprofit that organizes produce gleaning activities from local farms, homes, schools, and the University of Arizona. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Arizona

Community Food Hubs: Community Food Security and Economic Development

This report discusses gleaning in the context of food hubs, community economic development, and food security in New Jersey. It provides some examples of gleaning activities taking place in different parts of the state. Cite: Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University (May 2012).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Mid-Atlantic State: New York

Community Food Initiatives

Athens County, OH based organization that receives food donations from farmers markets and local gardeners for distribution to food pantries and other like organizations. The website includes information for volunteers and members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Ohio

Community Food Rescue

Community Food Rescue (CFR) is the coordinated food recovery network for Montgomery County, Maryland. This system enhances the good work of businesses, individuals, and organizations that already recover and redistribute perfectly good food to people experiencing hunger.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Maryland

Community Harvest of Central Vermont

Central VT based nonprofit organization that recovers surplus food from local farms for the food insecure and runs a gleaning program. The website includes information for volunteers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Vermont

Community Harvest of Stark County

Stark County, OH nonprofit organization recovering prepared and perishable foods from restaurants, hospitals and other food outlets for distribution in shelters, soup kitchens and other hot-meal distribution organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Ohio

Community Hunger Solutions

The non-profit procures locally grown produce from small/mid-size regional growers and distributes to local food pantries and regional food banks. The organization conducts second harvests, buys seconds, and receives wholesale donations. Information for farmers, volunteers and food donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Wisconsin

Community Jam

In partnership with Village Harvest and GleanSLO, Community Jam is a northern California harvester and gleaner conference held semi-annually in the San Jose, CA area. The website allows users to suggest conference sessions and review past sessions.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Western State: California

Community Keepers

The 501(c)(3) nonprofit in Palatine, IN partners with restaurants, grocery stores, and other organizations collect and distribute food and services to those in need. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Indiana

Community Plates

This organization rescues nutritious food from restaurants, markets and other food industry members for distribution to the food insecure throughout the United States. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: National State: Connecticut

Comprehensive Guidelines for Food Recovery Programs

This resource provides information about food safety practices, responsibilities of rescue programs, and discusses various legal concerns, regulations, and federal agencies associated with food recovery activities. Cite: Food Recovery Committee, 2000 Conference for Food Protection, Council I (last updated March 2007).

Type: Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Concrete Jungle

Atlanta, GA based organization that gleans fruit and nuts from trees throughout Atlanta and distributes to the food insecure through its partner organizations. The website includes information for volunteers and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Georgia

Congressional Hunger Center

A Washington, D.C. based nonprofit policy organization focused on “mak[ing] issues of domestic and international hunger a priority to policymakers in the U.S. government and to raise a new generation of leaders to fight against hunger and poverty.” The website includes information for advocates, legislators and donors.

Type: Policy & Research Orgs. Region: National State: District of Columbia

CONN. GEN. STAT. § 52-557l (2012).

Title: Immunity from liability of persons who donate food and of nonprofit organizations or corporations that distribute donated food. This law protects “any person, including but not limited to a seller, farmer, processor, distributor, wholesaler, or retailer of food” who donates food items to a nonprofit organization, and any nonprofit organization which collects or distributes such food without charge or for a nominal fee, from civil or criminal liability for damages “resulting from the nature, age, condition, or packaging of the food,” except in cases that the donor or nonprofit organization “knew or had reasonable grounds to believe that the food was (1) adulterated…, or (2) not fit for human consumption.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Northeast State: Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §52-557k (2014)

Title: Liability of landowner who allows persons to harvest firewood, fruits, or vegetables. Any landowner who invites or permits a person to enter their land to harvest fruit or vegetables, without charge, on behalf of a nonprofit organization for use by or distribution to a nonprofit organization is not liable for damages as a result of injury to that person while harvesting unless the injury is caused by the owner’s failure to warn of a “dangerous hidden hazard known to the owner.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Northeast State: Connecticut

Connecticut Food Bank

Non-profit organization that "distribute[s] food and other resources to nearly 700 community food assistance programs in six of Connecticut’s eight counties: Fairfield, Litchfield, Middlesex, New Haven, New London and Windham". The New Haven food bank's Plant-a-Row program encourages farmers, schools, and home and community gardeners to plant extra crops that are intended for food donation to the food bank and local food pantries. The website includes information for volunteers, food recipients, and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Connecticut

Connecticut Food Bank

The New Haven food bank's Plant-a-Row program encourages farmers, schools, and home and community gardeners to plant extra crops that are intended for food donation to the food bank and local food pantries. Information for volunteers, food recipients, and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Connecticut

Cooperative Extension: Maine Harvest for Hunger, The University of Maine

Orono, ME based project run by the Cooperative Extension at the University of Maine that encourages farmers, home gardeners, master gardeners, businesses, schools, and civic groups to participate in gleaning. Gleaned and donated foods are delivered to soup kitchens and food pantries in the region. The website includes information for volunteers, gardeners, and farmers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Maine

Create a Food Rescue Program in Your Community

This guidebook walks through the steps of starting a bike-powered food rescue to help individuals or groups get started in the process. Cite: Hana Dansky, et al., Create a Food Rescue Program in Your Community, Boulder Food Rescue (2012).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

CropMobster: Community Exchange

An online hub where users can post or search for gleaning events, available surplus foods, donations, events, available land, employment opportunities and more.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

CropSwap San Diego

San Diego, CA based organization that partners with Feeding America to support their citrus gleaning throughout North San Diego County. The website includes information for volunteers, fruit donors and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

CROS Ministries Gleaning Program

Palm Beach and Marin County, FL based nonprofit organization that runs a gleaning program to glean surplus produce from local farms for distribution to the food insecure through the Palm Beach County Food Bank. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Florida

Cultivate Iowa: A Guide for Growing Healthier Iowans, Organizations and Communities Through Food Gardening and Produce Donation

This Iowa-specific guide encourages food gardening and donation and highlights strategies to reduce food insecurity at the individual, community and policy levels. Cite: Iowa Food Access and Health Work Group, Cultivate Iowa: A Guide for Growing Healthier Iowans, Organizations and Communities Through Food Gardening and Produce Donation, Iowa Food Systems Council (Nov. 2014).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Mountain State: Iowa

D.C. Central Kitchen

Washington, DC based nonprofit organization that runs a food recycling program which combines gleaned foods procured from farmers with food rescued using other food recovery methods to create healthy, balanced meals. The website includes information for volunteers, corporate partners and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: District of Columbia

D.C. CODE § 48-301 (2002).

Title: Immunity from liability. This law protects a food donor who donates to a charitable or not-for-profit organization, and the charitable or not-for-profit organization which receives and distributes such food without charge or at a nominal charge, from “criminal or civil liability arising from an injury or death due to the condition of such food,” except in cases of gross negligence or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: District of Columbia

DEL. CODE tit. 16 § 6820 (1982).

Title: Food donors exempt from liability. This law protects “a person, including a farmer, processor, distributor, wholesaler, or retailer of food” who donates food items to a nonprofit organization from civil or criminal liability “resulting from the nature, age, condition or packaging of the donated food.” Further, this law does not limit any liability of the nonprofit organizations that accept the donated food items and the nonprofit organizations can request that the Division of Public Health inspect donated food items.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Delaware

Denver Food Rescue

Denver, CO based nonprofit that does 75% of food deliveries by bicycle. The organization redistributes food from grocery stores to hunger relief organizations serving low-income areas. The website includes information for donors and volunteers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Colorado

Destin Harvest

Destin Harvest is a non-profit food harvest organization servicing Okaloosa and Walton County. The organization employs a fleet of refrigerated trucks to harvest high volume food donations from local grocery stores, restaurants, and wholesalers. Same day, free deliveries are made to over 40 active feeding programs in Okaloosa and Walton County.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Florida

Donate Dont Dump

A nonprofit with 20 chapters in four states, which is managed by youth advocates and focused on rescuing surplus food for needy communities. The website includes information for volunteers, donors, and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: National State: California

Donating Food to Charity? Chew On This Law

This article explains food donor liability highlighting that the Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act provides that no part of the law “shall be construed to supersede state or local health regulations.” Therefore, the author argues that food safety concerns may be the reason why many organizations do not accept leftover or untouched food from an event. Cite: Betty Wang, Donating Food to Charity? Chew On This Law, FINDLAW (June 9, 2013).

Type: Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Dynamic Volunteer Staffing in Multicrop Gleaning Operations

Helping organizations better manage gleaning operations to increase the volume of fresh food collected.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

East Tennessee Gleaners Co-op

ETGC is Helping People Help Themselves. ETGC recovery food for farms in Eastern Tennessee for our members and area food banks. We also teach classes on food preservation and processing, to allow our members to make the most out of the food they have.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Tennessee

Eastern Connecticut Community Garden Association

This nonprofit works with other organizations to glean foods for soup kitchens and like organizations. The website includes information for individual and group volunteers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Connecticut

Eastern Connecticut Community Garden Association

The nonprofit works with other organizations to glean foods for soup kitchens and like organizations. Companion program encourages gardeners to grow for donation. Information for individual and group volunteers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Connecticut

Ecotrust Food Hub

Run by the nonprofit Ecotrust, one of the Food Hub connects farmers and food suppliers, distributors, buyers, and others on an interactive online directory. The Hub services Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Alaska and California. The Hub's Farm to Food bank project provides hunger relief organizations with information on connecting with farmers, managing gleaning organizations, and other resources.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: National

Ecumenical Ministries of Oregon

Portland, OR based statewide association of Christian denominations, congregations, ecumenical organizations and interfaith partners that runs an Interfaith Food and Farm Partnerships program which operates projects including buying clubs, cooking classes, CSAs, community gardens, farm stands, and food and wellness assessments. The website includes information for volunteers, members, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Edible Rescue

Organization that assists the food industry with managing surplus food by developing individualized plans for donating surplus food, including staff training, where/how to donate, and organizing pick ups. The website provides information for food industry business owners or managers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Massachusetts

Emergency Food Assistance, 7 U.S.C. § 7508 (2008).

This statutory provision allows the Secretary of Agriculture to give appropriated funds to states to pay for costs associated with “the processing, storage, transporting, and distributing to eligible recipient agencies” of gleaned commodities.

Type: Federal Laws & Regulations Region: National

Enhanced Tax Deduction Guide for Farmers

As part of its 2016 budget, Congress made the enhanced federal tax deduction for food donations permanent for all businesses. But, how does the deduction work How does it apply to farm businesses who donate surplus food? This document describes key features under the law.

Type: Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Episcopal Community Services

Kansas City, MO 501(c)(3) nonprofit that works in both Missouri and Kansas to provide hunger relief. They rescue unsold food from grocery stores and glean from local farms with After the Harvest. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Missouri

Eugene Area Gleaners

Eugene, OR based organization that gleans from private and public lands and buys unmarketable food at a discount rate. All recovered food is split with the landowner or donated to Food for Lane County. The website includes information for volunteers, members and the community.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Eugene Food Rescue

Eugene, OR based justice organization that engages in food rescue and distribution throughout the greater Eugene area. The website includes information for volunteers and organizers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Evergreen Food and Goods Rescue

Puget Sound, WA based nonprofit that organizes field gleans and rescues food from wholesalers, retailers and other food distributors. Collected food is distributed through food pantries, service and hunger relief organizations, shelters and senior centers. The website includes information for donors and members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Washington

Everybody Works! Gleaning Program

The Viroqua, WI based nonprofit provides meaningful employment opportunities for individuals with disabilities. The Gleaning Program harvests surplus produce from local farms for donation to food pantries. They also continue the work of Kickapoo Harvest with cooking demonstrations by the Food and Farming Initiative of the Valley Stewardship Network. The website includes information for donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Wisconsin

Extra Food

Extra Food picks up excess fresh food from organizations and immediately deliver it to nonprofits serving Marin’s most vulnerable children, adults, and families. Information available for volunteers, donors, and food recipients.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Fair Foods

Dorchester, MA based non-profit organization that engages in food rescue from industrial food suppliers for distribution regardless of income level. The website includes information for volunteers and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Massachusetts

Falling Fruit

Interactive map to find urban harvests around the world.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Farm Share, Inc.

Farm Share’s mission is alleviating hunger and malnutrition by recovering and distributing fresh and nutritious food to those who need it most. Our mission is a simple approach to resolving two imminent social issues facing the state of Florida – hunger and food waste. Our mission emerged from a simple observation that while there is enough food produced in Florida to feed all of its residents, many individuals go hungry because good food is prematurely sent to our landfills. Farm Share operates as a large-scale food bank servicing the entire state of Florida from three packinghouses across the state and offices at two state farmers markets.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Florida

Farm to Pantry

Sonoma County, CA organization that engages in on-farm gleaning across Sonoma County for distribution to local charitable organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Farmers Ending Hunger

Salem, OR based nonprofit that supports farmers in donating an acre or so of their crop for the food insecure. Half of donated crops are processed into canned vegetables or grain mixes and half is donated fresh to the Oregon Food Bank. The website includes information for volunteers, farmers and ranchers, food processors and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Federal Food Donation Act of 2008, 42 U.S.C.A. § 1792 (2008).

This law requires that all federal contracts over $25,000 that involve the purchase, service or sale of foods or contracts on federal property where food is served will include language encouraging donation of surplus food stuff to nonprofit organizations benefitting the food insecure. Liability associated with this action is covered under the Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act.

Type: Federal Laws & Regulations Region: National

Feeding America

National nonprofit that runs the National Produce Program, which secures bulk produce and through value-added processing, distributes the produce to member food banks. The organization's website includes information for food banks, food donors, food recipients, and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: National

Fields of Grace

Richmond, WA based nonprofit that gleans produce from local farms, then packs and delivers the harvest to area food banks. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Washington

Fields to Families

Charlestown, SC nonprofit that conducts on-farm gleaning and distributes food to food pantries, shelters, soup kitchens and like organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and partner organizations.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: South Carolina

FLA. STAT. § 595.420 (2014).

Title: Food recovery; legislative intent; department functions. This law establishes that the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services help to coordinate the establishment of food recovery programs. The law, in part, specifies that the Department may provide direct and indirect support to food recovery programs by “loaning equipment, facilities, and staff resources for the collection, packaging, storage, and transportation of donated food, as needed.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: Florida

FLA. STAT. § 768.136 (2014).

Title: Liability for canned or perishable food distributed free of charge. This law protects a food donor or gleaner who donates any canned or perishable food to a charitable or nonprofit organization, and the charitable or non-profit organization which accepts, collects, transports, or distributes such food without charge, from criminal or civil liability arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: Florida

FLA. STAT. § 768.137 (1997).

Title: Definition; limitation of civil liability for certain farmers; exception. This law protects any farmer who allows persons to enter the land for the purpose of removing any crops that remain in the fields after harvest from civil liability “arising out of any injury or death resulting from the nature or condition of such land or the nature, age, or condition of any such farm produce or crop,” except in cases of gross negligence, intentional act, or nondisclosure of known dangerous conditions.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: Florida

Florida Association of Food Banks

Florida based nonprofit association that encompasses Florida's 13 Feeding America affiliated Regional Distribution Centers. The Association's programs include Farmers Feeding Florida, which redistributes "unmarketable" foods to the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers, food recipients, and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Florida

Food at First

Ames, IA nonprofit that rescues food from vendors like Walmart, Sam’s Club and gleans from local farms for donation to local food pantries. The website includes information for volunteers, donors, food recipients and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Iowa

Food Bank Association of New York State

Statewide nonprofit organization that represents regional food banks. The Association accepts food rescue donations from industrial transportation companies and individuals. The website includes information for volunteers, food recipients and food donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

Food Bank Council of Michigan

The Lansing, MI based nonprofit collects food and funds to support Michigan food banks. The organization manages the Michigan Agricultural Surplus System, funded by the state Department of Agriculture, which salvages unmarketable food and surplus crops for distribution through the food bank network. The website includes information for volunteers, donors, food recipients and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Michigan

Food Bank for the Heartland

Omaha, NE nonprofit that collects surplus produce, meats, and shelf-stable foods from participating farms and food distributors for donation to 225 food pantries, shelters and nonprofit partners. The website includes information for volunteers, donors, partner organizations, farmers and food recipients.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Nebraska

Food Bank of Central New York

Syracuse, NY based nonprofit organization that receives donations from food and wholesale retailers, farmers, food manufacturers and community members and delivers the food to needy recipients. Child and senior centers, group homes, and other nonprofits can use the bank to meet their food needs. The website includes information for food and service recipients, farmers, volunteers, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

Food Bus

Arlington, VA based nonprofit organization focused on recovering food from elementary school cafeterias and redirecting it to the food insecure.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

Food Cowboy

Food Cowboy is a for-profit company that operates a program that “uses mobile technology to safely route surplus food from wholesalers and restaurants to food banks and soup kitchens instead of landfills.”

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: National

Food Donation Act of 2017

The Food Donation Act of 2017 clarifies the Bill Emerson Act of 1996 and delegates the USDA as the designated agency to promote the Act.

Type: Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Food Donation Connection

The organization partners with the National Restaurant Association and runs the Harvest Program; coordinating food donation programs for major restaurant chains and other food industry members. The website provides information for food industry, food recipient organizations and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: National

Food Donation: A Restaurateur’s Guide

This guidebook describes how to efficiently donate excess food from a restaurant to a local food donation program to help solve chronic hunger in the U.S. Cite: An6n Walsh Featsent, Food Donation: A Restaurateur’s Guide, National Restaurant Association (1997).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Food for Free

A nonprofit organization that rescues food from farms, farmers markets, CSAs, wholesale distributors and grocery stores that also engages in delivery and transportation services and runs a small farm. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Massachusetts

Food for Oregon

Managed by Oregon State University Extension Service, this online tool allows the user to search for community food programs throughout the state, such as gleaning, nutrition, and community gardens and kitchens. Users can also narrow their search by county, organization name, city and zip code.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Western State: Oregon

Food for Others

Northern Virginia based nonprofit organization that recovers food from grocery stores, food drives, and crop harvests. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

Food Forward

Los Angeles, CA based nonprofit organization that plans gleanings from farmers' markets, farmers, wholesale markets and other venues for distribution to local hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, property owners, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Food Gatherers

Ann Arbor, MI based nonprofit that rescues food from more than 300 local sources including food retailers, restaurants and wholesale venues, as well as runs a food bank farm. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and food recipients.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Michigan

Food Industry Donations

Different ways the food industry can donate and possible benefits.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Western State: Oregon

Food Recovery Network

Food Recovery Network unites students on college campuses to fight food waste and hunger by recovering perishable food that would otherwise go to waste and donating it to people in need.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: National

Food Recovery: A Legal Guide

This comprehensive guide provides food waste statistics, a summary of the Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act and liability issues covered thereunder, health and safety standards, and addresses how the food sector can become more engaged in food donation. Cite: James Haley & Nicole Civita, Food Recovery: A Legal Guide, UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS SCHOOL OF LAW (2013).

Type: Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Food Relief Goes Local: Gardening, Gleaning and Farming for Food Banks in the U.S.

This report presents an analysis of food banks' involvement in local agriculture in the United States. It includes a section on gleaning with several case studies to demonstrate the relationships between food banks and gleaning organizations. Cite: Domenic Vitiello et al., Food Relief Goes Local: Gardening, Gleaning and Farming for Food Banks in the U.S., The Penn Center for Public Health Initiatives (2013).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Food Rescue

Vallejo, CA based organization that recovers food from the Vallejo Farmers’ Market. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and the community.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Food Rescue Locator

An program of Sustainable America, the Food Rescue Locator provides information on food rescue organizations across the country. Users can access an organization's contact info and location, hours of operation, recipient organizations, and more.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Food Rescue Robot

Developed by volunteers at the Boulder Food Rescue and now widely available, the Robot is a web app for scheduling, tracking and routing "just-in-time" food rescue. The app uses "love, community and bicycles "to battle food insecurity.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National State: Colorado

Food Runners

San Francisco Bay, CA based nonprofit that collects perishable and prepared food from restaurants, hospitals, caterers and others and delivers it directly to local hunger relief programs. The website includes information for food donors, volunteers and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Food Waste and Recovery: Gleaning Crops From Local Farms

Resource prepared by the State of Connecticut Department of Energy and Environment. Provides background on the history of gleaning and its role in managing food waste and links to resources for volunteers and farmers.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Northeast State: Connecticut

Food Waste Reduction and Gleaning

This webpage developed by WSU Extension explains how and why to get involved in food waste reduction and gleaning opportunities around Clallam County, Washington.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Western State: Washington

Foodlink

Rochester, NY based food rescue organization that operates a regional food hub and serves as a Feeding America food bank that distributes food to service agencies, serves meals and hosts over 30 food programs, including nutrition education. The website includes information for food and service recipients, volunteers, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: New York

FOODShare

Ventura County, CA based nonprofit that runs a gleaning program encouraging on-farm and backyard gleaning and distributes the food through partner organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Foodshare

A nonprofit encouraging on-farm and backyard gleaning that distributes food through partner organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Connecticut

Foodshare

Bloomfield based nonprofit's programing includes food banking and retail food pickup programs, a mobile food program that includes gleaned foods, and hunger action groups that engage community leaders and businesses. Information for food and service recipients volunteers and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Connecticut

Foodshed Alliance's LocalShare program

A gleaning program in northwest NJ

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: New Jersey

Forage Oakland

North Oakland, CA based community fruit barter network that gleans from backyard fruit trees and redistributes among community neighbors. The website includes information for collaborators and fruit recipients.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Foraged Feast

Foraged Feast is a Denver-based non-profit that collects locally grown food that would otherwise go unused or wasted and connects those nutritional food sources with the underserved of our community. This includes gleaning fruit trees in private and public spaces and recovering excess produce from farmer’s markets, local farms and wholesale distributors. Information available for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Colorado

Fork it Over!

Oregon based education and referral service that provides information on food rescue organizations to match donors with nearby food rescue agencies.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Freezing and vacuum packaging local foods for Freezer Meal Kits and Heat & Eat meals

Fifteen years of product development and test marketing has recently resulted in a NESARE grant combining resources of SUNY Cobleskill Culinary and Ag students to create and evaluate existing meal kits for consumer purchasing for family and individual usage

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

FreshFarm Markets

Chesapeake Bay region based nonprofit organization that works with gleaning partners to donate and distribute surplus crops to charitable organizations in the Chesapeake Bay area. The website includes information for farmers markets and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: District of Columbia

Friendship Donations Network

Ithaca, NY based nonprofit organization that provides fresh produce to the food insecure, sourced from local sites, including Neighborhood Food Hubs. The organization also provides healthy eating and cooking classes using gleaned produce. The website includes information for food recipients and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

GA. CODE ANN. § 51-1-31 (1990).

Title: Legal immunity for donated food. This law protects a food donor or gleaner who donates any canned or perishable food to a charitable or nonprofit organization, and the charitable or non-profit organization which accepts for use or distribution of such food, from criminal or civil liability arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of recklessness or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: Georgia

Garden Gleaning: A Toolkit for Growers and Food Shelves

Provides information for food shelves and growers on how to incorporate gleaning into their work, best practices for the safe handling of foods, and addresses liability associated with donating or accepting gleaned foods. Cite: Garden Gleaning Collaboration, Garden Gleaning: A Toolkit for Growers and Food Shelves (2013).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Garden Writers Association

This organization sponsors Plant A Row for the Hungry (PAR), which encourages growers of all sizes to plant crops specifically for donation. The website includes information for those who would like to start a PAR campaign.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National State: Texas

Gardening Matters

The Minneapolis based nonprofit provides training and services that encourage community gardens across the Twin Cities region. In partnership with The Minnesota Project, the Garden Gleaning Project supports community gardens in donating produce to local food shelves. The website includes information for volunteers and gardeners.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Minnesota

Gather Baltimore

Baltimore, MD based organization that gleans unsold produce from farmers markets and organizes gleaning days on local farms. Collected food is distributed in part at monthly farm stands operating at several locations in Baltimore. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Maryland

Glean Central Wisconsin

Plover, WI organization that serves as a network of volunteers, organizations and farmers collecting donated food from the Stevens Point Farmers Market. The website includes information for volunteers and farmers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Wisconsin

Glean Me Lewis County

Glean Me Lewis County is a project of Cooking up Faith Farms that streamlines donations, harvest requests, and volunteers through an online system, in Lewis County, Washington.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Washington

Glean Milwaukee

Milwaukee, WI based organization that registers trees on private and public property for fruit gleaning. The organization also gleans a range of produce from Milwaukee-area farmers’ markets. The website includes information for volunteers, homeowners (for tree registration) and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Wisconsin

Gleaner's Handbook

This guide provides basic information and facts about hunger in the United States, rules and tips for successful gleaning, and a sample gleaner information and liability form. Cite: Society of St. Andrew, Gleaner's Handbook (2012).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Gleaners Community Food Bank of Southern Michigan

Detroit, MI based nonprofit organization that gleans produce from local farms and gardens, and recovers surplus food from grocery stores, producers, and others. The website includes information for volunteers, food recipients, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Michigan

Gleaners of Clackamas County

Oregon City, OR 501(c)(3) nonprofit that recovers food and other items for low-income, elderly and disabled community members. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Gleaning

Field Gleaning (Society of St. Andrew) - Regional office in Alabama

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Alabama

Gleaning

Field Gleaning (Mississippi and Arkansas)

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Mississippi

Gleaning

Field Gleaning (Mississippi and Arkansas) - Society of St. Andrew

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: Arkansas

Gleaning

Field Gleaning (Society of St. Andrew - North Carolina/South Carolina)

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: North Carolina

Gleaning

Field Gleaning (North and South Carolina) - Society of St. Andrew

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: South Carolina

Gleaning

Field Gleaning (Florida) - Society of St. Andrew

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Florida

Gleaning

Field Gleaning (Georgia) - Society of St. Andrew

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Georgia

Gleaning

Field Gleaning (Tennessee) - Society of St. Andrew

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Tennessee

Gleaning

Field Gleaning (Indiana) - Society of St. Andrew

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Indiana

Gleaning

Field Gleaning (Virginia, Maryland)

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

Gleaning and Food Recovery

Introduction to gleaning as a local movement.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Gleaning for the World

A nonprofit humanitarian organization providing supplies and logistical support to nonprofits in the United States and internationally to encourage the provision of nutritious surplus crops to the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers, advocates, donors and others.

Type: Policy & Research Orgs. Region: National

Gleaning Program; City of Alexandria

Alexandria, VA's General Services Department runs a gleaning program that gleans surplus produce from the Old Town Farmers Market and distributes the food to needy communities. The website includes information for volunteers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

Gleaning Stories, Gleaning Change

A radio and web project on gleaning that broadcasts stories from the fields and hosts a photo gallery of gleaners in action.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Western State: California

Gleaning: Capturing Surplus to Meet Local Needs

This article includes a brief overview of the amount of healthy food crops grown each year that are wasted and profiles a handful of Vermont gleaning organizations working to recover wasted food and food crops. Cite: Corinne Almquist, Communities and Banking: Gleaning: Capturing Surplus to Meet Local Needs, FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF BOSTON, (2012).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Northeast State: Vermont

Gleanings for the Hungry

Sultana, CA nonprofit Christian organization that dries fruit, repackages food and creates soup mixes from donated dehydrated ingredients. The website includes information for volunteers, donors, religious groups, and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

GleanKY

Fayette County, KY based nonprofit organization that runs gleaning operations to collect surplus food from farms, farmers markets, and grocery stores for delivery to partner recipient organizations throughout the state. The website includes information for volunteers and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Kentucky

GleanSLO

San Luis Obispo, CA based organization that gleans from farms, fields and orchards which have registered with their organization. Gleaned foods are redistributed to the food insecure through the Food Bank Coalition. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Gleanweb

Gleanweb provides independent websites that manage scheduling, crop, harvest and volunteer information for non-profit gleaning organizations across the United States.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: National State: Oregon

Gold Country Gleaners

Nevada County, NV based organization that gleans produce from backyard gardens and delivers it to local hunger relief organizations, including the Food Bank of Nevada County and others. Website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Nevada

Good Cheer Food Bank

Langley, WA based 501(c)(3) nonprofit that partners with the Gleeful Gleaners program to connect growers with surplus, pesticide-free fruit with those in need. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Washington

Good Shepard Food Bank

Auburn, ME based nonprofit organization with programs providing local food to the food insecure, food transportation services, nutrition-based cooking classes, and child and senior hunger programs. The website includes information for volunteers, food recipients, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Maine

Good Shepard Food Bank

The Auburn, ME based nonprofit with programs providing local food to the food insecure, food transportation services, nutrition-based cooking classes, and child and senior hunger programs. Information for volunteers, food recipients, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Maine

Great Bear Foundation

Missoula, MT 501(c)(3) nonprofit that runs the Bears and Apples program, which gleans fruit from residential fruit trees. Most of the fruit is donated to the Missoula Food Bank, and the gleaning activity reduces the likelihood that bears will come into residential areas looking for food. The website includes information for volunteers, members and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Montana

Greater Lansing Food Bank

The Lansing, MI based nonprofit serves multiple Michigan counties. The organization runs The Garden Project, which established and supports 90 community gardens and The Food Movers Program, which rescues food from restaurants and commercial kitchens for distribution through hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Michigan

Greater Pittsburgh Community Food Bank

Greater Pittsburgh area based nonprofit organization that partners with local farms to glean surplus produce, which is distributed to member agencies or individuals at designated locations. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Pennsylvania

Grow a Row

New Jersey based nonprofit organization that organizes planting and harvesting of crops for donation and engages in grocery store gleaning of unwanted food for delivery to food desert areas throughout the state. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: New Jersey

Growing Connections: A Resource for Farm-to-Food Bank Strategies

A report written for the Northwest Harvest food bank. The guide serves "food programs looking to support procurement efforts through farm-to-food bank strategies, including guides for building farmer relationships, marketing farm-to family programs, farmers market or farm stand gleaning and direct purchasing from farmers." Cite: Kara Martin and Tammy Morales, Urban Food Link, for Northwest Harvest (2014).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Growing Together

San Francisco Bay, CA based nonprofit that runs Oakland Fruit, which gleanings from backyard fruit trees. A portion of the harvest is donated to hunger relief organizations and a portion is used to generate income the organization uses to plant fruit trees. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Guide to Starting a FoodPool

This resource provides steps and suggestions for individuals and groups hoping to create a FoodPool and provides a discussion of some of the liability concerns surrounding gleaning. Cite: Andrew Sigal, Guide to Starting a FoodPool, FoodPool (Oct. 18, 2013).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Harvest Club of Orange County

Santa Ana, CA based organization that gleans produce from backyard gardens in Orange County for donation to hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for volunteers and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Harvest CROPS: Community Residents Offering Produce Seasonally

San Diego, CA based 501(c)(3) nonprofit that harvests from residential fruit sources for donation to the food insecure. The website provides information for volunteers, donors and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Harvest Fairvale

Fairvale, CA based organization that gleans fruit trees and donates the harvest to local hunger relief agencies. The organization also works with Harvest Sacramento. The website includes information for volunteers and partner organizations.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Harvest Pierce County Gleaning Project

Managed by Pierce County, WA county government, the gleaning program works with local farmers to organize gleans of surplus or unmarketable crops. The program also gleans from Pierce County farmers' markets. Website includes information for volunteers, crop donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Washington

Harvesting / Gleaning Organizations Directory

Directory of major gleaning operations across the U.S.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

HAW. REV. STAT. § 145D-2 (1982).

Title: Exceptions to liability. This law protects any food donor who donates to a charitable, religious, or nonprofit organization, and the charitable, religious, or non-profit organization which receives and distributes such food at no charge, from criminal or civil liability for any injuries or illnesses resulting from the condition of the donated food, except in cases of gross negligence or wanton acts or omissions.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 520-4 (1997) and Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 520-5 (1969)

Title: Liability of Landowner Limited and Exceptions to Liability. Landowner incurs no liability to invitees who use the land for recreational purposes without charge for injuries received unless the landowner willfully or maliciously failed to warn or guard against a danger the landowner pursued or created. https://d.docs.live.net/3145ace91c1d8aee/Documents/Food and Agriculture Law Clinic/Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 520-4 http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/histatutes/3/28/520/520-5

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: Hawaii

Haywood Gleaners

Haywood County, NC organization that operates a gleaning program which includes on farm gleaning, light processing, and distribution to local charitable organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, farmers, and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: North Carolina

Healthy Acadia

Ellsworth, ME based nonprofit organization that runs a gleaning initiative to bring volunteers to farms, farmers markets, groceries, and other venues to recover food for distribution to food pantries and other sites. Additional food programs include summer meals, senior farm shares, and a CSA. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Maine

Healthy Food Bank Hub

This hub is a project and platform created in partnership with Feeding America and network food banks, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, and the National Dairy Council. The hub provides relevant tools and resources, highlights existing best practices and nutrition initiatives, and encourages fighting hunger while promoting health.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Healthy Food, Healthy Iowans, Healthy Communities: Public Health Tools to Advance Healthy, Sustainable Food Systems, Part 1: Community Food Systems: A Primer for Local Public Health Agencies

This Iowa-specific guide connects food systems with issues of public health, drawing clear parallels between human health and environmental stressors, nutritional intake, and other aspects of the total food system. Cite: Angie Tagtow, Healthy Food, Healthy Iowans, Healthy Communities: Public Health Tools to Advance Healthy, Sustainable Food Systems, Part 1: Community Food Systems: A Primer for Local Public Health Agencies, Iowa Dept. of Public Health (June 2014).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Mountain State: Iowa

Healthy Roots Collaborative

Healthy Roots works to strengthen the local food system in northwest Vermont for the health and vitality of the people of Franklin and Grand Isle Counties.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Vermont

Heartside Gleaning Initiative

Grand Rapids, MI based initiative that works with businesses, non-profits, farmers markets and others to collect and distribute fruit, vegetables, and herbs to those in need. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Michigan

Helping Hands Gleaning Ministry

Desoto, TX based 501(c)(3) nonprofit that gleans from local farms and distributes food to pantries, shelters, housing authorities and senior centers throughout southern Dallas County. The website includes information for volunteers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: Texas

Hidden Harvest

Coachella, CA based nonprofit organization that has been deemed a "blue chip investment" because of its program that employs the working poor at a liveable wage to glean from local farms and orchards for distribution to needy seniors, children, after school programs, food banks, and pantries. The website provides information for donors, food recipients, and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Hidden Harvest Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh, PA based nonprofit organization that encourages reducing food waste and increasing food security through gleaning of fruit and nut trees for donation to local food organizations and groups. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Pennsylvania

High Desert Food and Farm Alliance

This online Donation Database helps users identify hunger relief nonprofits near their location that accept food donations. The website includes information on liability and information for food donors.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Western State: Oregon

Hillsborough County Gleaners

Hillsborough County Gleaners is a program of the Hillsborough County Conservation District working with farmers and farmers markets to collect leftover produce which will be delivered to food pantries & schools.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

Hole Food Rescue

Jackson Hole, WY based food rescue program that works through the Jackson Hole Cupboard to relocate food waste from local distributors to to hunger relief community groups. Food suitable for compost is sent to two local farms and integrated into their animal production systems. The website includes information for volunteers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Wyoming

Hoosier Hills Food Bank

The Bloomington, IN based nonprofit's Gleaning and Garden programs work with local farmers to harvest surplus crops and grows its own produce, all for distribution to the food insecure through hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, donors, food recipients and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Indiana

HOPE: Helping Overcome Poverty's Effects

Addison County, VT based organization that runs the HOPE Local Food Access Project which involves farmers, volunteers, the Addison County Gleaning Program and others to meet the needs of the food insecure and supports a small garden for the food shelf. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Vermont

Hope's Harvest RI

Hope's Harvest RI (HHRI) is Rhode Island's first gleaning initiative to focus on food rescue from farms in RI and Southeastern MA. RI has a strong and vibrant local food system that connects farmers and local food producers with its residents. HHRI’s mission is to close the gap between excess food left in the fields and populations struggling with food insecurity. HHRI prioritizes financially supporting our farm partners for their participation in our work, and in recognition of the value of their time and generosity. In 2018, HHRI received a Local Agriculture and Seafood Act (LASA) grant from the RI Department of Environmental Management to pay the farmers a small stipend for signing up with HHRI. There are over 200 hunger relief agencies in RI and HHRI cultivates strong relationships with pantries and soup kitchens in our network to bring local, fresh, nutritious fruits and vegetables, often picked the same day, to our friends and neighbors in need.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Rhode Island

Hopelink

The nonprofit has six locations throughout WA. Formally called Sno-Valley Harvest, the organization works with local farms, community gardens, farmers' markets and growers to recover surplus produce for donation through Hopelink and other hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Washington

House Bill 14-1119: Tax Credit for Donating Food to Charitable Organizations

Beginning on Jan. 1, 2015, this law allows any "taxpayer who makes a food contribution during the tax year to a hunger relief charitable organization and receives a credit certificate...a credit against...income taxes...equal to either twenty-five percent, not to exceed $5,000 of the wholesale market price...or recent sale price of the food contribution."

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: Colorado

Houston Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Organization

Houston, TX based organization that runs The Gift of Produce, a program supplying donated produce to the food insecure during the holidays. The website includes information for donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: Texas

Hub and Spoke Program

This Program is based on a food distribution model designed to increase the availability of local, farm fresh produce to food insecure communities by facilitating donations by farmers to certified “Spokes,” organizations that are willing to receive and distribute the donated produce. The Program is a partnership between the Southern Maryland Agricultural Development Commission and Farming 4 Hunger, both organizations helped to create the model that is being built and tested in five counties of Southern Maryland.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Maryland

IDAHO CODE ANN. § 6-1302 (1980).

Title: Donors and gleaners exempt from liability. This law protects any food donor or gleaner who donates any perishable or nonperishable food to a charitable or nonprofit organization for free distribution from criminal or civil liability arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct. Further, this law does not limit any liability of the charitable or nonprofit organization that accepts perishable food items and “does not restrict the authority of any appropriate agency to regulate or ban the use of such food for human consumption.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: Idaho

Idaho Food Bank

Idaho based nonprofit food bank that works with the state Department of Corrections and volunteer farms to grow produce for food insecure communities. The website includes information for volunteers, food recipients and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Idaho

Increasing Edible Food Recovery

Portland-area social services agencies promote food recovery by providing grants for transportation and storage and increasing capacity for food rescue agencies.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Western State: Oregon

Increasing Food Recovery From Farmers’ Markets: A Preliminary Analysis

This report uses GIS mapping and analysis to establish areas where there are large numbers of farmers' markets and food recovery organizations. The report finds there are opportunities for improved coordination between markets and recovery organizations and includes an appendix with listings of the 28 food organizations with the highest concentrations of farmers markets within a certain radius as well as contact information for the individual farmers markets. Cite: U.S. Dept. Agric. Economic Research Service, FANRR-4, Increasing Food Recovery From Farmers’ Markets: A Preliminary Analysis (2000).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

IND. CODE § 34-30-3-1 (1998).

Title: Agriculture: immunity from civil liability for allowing the gleaning of agricultural products. This law protects an operator who allows persons to enter the land for the purpose of gleaning agricultural products, without compensation, from civil liability for any injury incurred by the person collecting the food while on the land, except in cases of gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Indiana

IND. CODE § 34-30-5-1 (2013).

Title: Immunity from liability for person who makes gift; exceptions. This law protects a person who makes a gift of a food item, an agricultural product, or livestock to a charitable entity from civil liability “arising from the use, condition, quality, or content” of that gift, except in cases of intentional, knowingly, or reckless misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Indiana

Indiana's State Association of Food Banks

The statewide nonprofit is a network of 11 Feeding America food banks serving the entire state. Partners include Indiana Pork Producers, Indiana Soybean Alliance, Indiana's Family of Farmers and the Indiana Vegetable Growers Association. Website includes information for volunteers, food recipients, partners and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Indiana

Indy Hunger Network

The Indianapolis nonprofit is a coalition of private and public hunger relief organizations and volunteers. Their Glean Team local farmers and the Indy Urban Acres to rescue and distribute excess food to the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers, food recipients and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Indiana

Inter-Faith Food Shuttle

Greater Triangle, NC area nonprofit organization that glean from farms and recovers surplus food from grocery stores for distribution directly to food insecure families. Other food programs include nutrition, culinary, and agriculture training. The website includes information for volunteers, food recipients and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: North Carolina

Intervale Center

Burlington, VT based nonprofit working to strengthen community food systems. The Intervale's Gleaning and Food Rescue Program gleans from local farms and packages "weekly free food shares for individuals, families and social service agencies." The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Vermont

IOWA CODE § 190B (2013).

Title: From farm to food donation tax credit. This law establishes a farm to food donation tax credit for eligible taxpayers who (1) produce the donated food commodity; (2) transfer, without remuneration, the donated food commodity to an Iowa food bank or emergency feeding organization; (3) donate a food commodity that meets the requirements for donated foods; and (4) provide appropriate documentation supporting the tax credit claim. The law also specifies how to file the tax credit claim and limitations on such claims.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: Iowa

IOWA CODE § 672.1 (2008).

Title: Donations of perishable food--donor liability—penalty. This law protects gleaners, restaurants, food establishments, food service establishments, schools, manufacturer of foodstuffs, meat or poultry establishments, or other persons who donate food to a charitable or nonprofit organization or government agency for free distribution from criminal or civil liability arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of negligence, recklessness, intentional misconduct, or actual or constructive knowledge that the food is not fit for human consumption.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: Iowa

Iskashitaa

Tuscon, AZ-based nonprofit organization that operates a gleaning program for intergenerational African, Asian, and Middle Eastern refugees to glean backyards and farms with local volunteers. Gleaned foods are distributed to hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, donors, and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: Arizona

Island Grown Initiative

Nonprofit organization that runs a Gleaning Program to recover and deliver surplus food crops to multiple locations serving the food insecure on Martha's Vineyard. This organization also offers support to gleaning start-ups.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Massachusetts

Island Grown Initiative

Island Grown Initiative's Gleaning Program recovers and delivers surplus food crops to multiple locations serving the food insecure on Martha's Vineyard.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Massachusetts

Island Grown Initiative

Island Grown Initiative's Gleaning Program recovers and delivers surplus food crops to multiple locations serving the food insecure on Martha's Vineyard. Information for volunteers, farmers and gardeners.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Massachusetts

Island Grown Initiative

Island Grown Initiative's Gleaning Program recovers and delivers surplus food crops to multiple locations serving the food insecure on Martha's Vineyard.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Massachusetts

Island Harvest

Food Bank

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

Island Harvest

Long Island, NY based nonprofit that picks up surplus food from commercial donors and delivers it to food pantries, soup kitchens and other nonprofits benefitting the food insecure. The website includes information for food recipients, food donors, volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

Just Food

New York City based nonprofit training community members and leaders in developing urban agriculture and markets, running CSAs, and general food education. Additional programs include connecting farmers to city CSAs and markets, and working with food pantries and farm to school programing. The website includes information for farmers, volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

Kalamazoo Loaves & Fishes

A nonprofit that collects food from farms, businesses, gardeners and other sources to supply local pantries.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Michigan

KAN. STAT. ANN.§ 65-687 (1996).

Title: Limitation on liability of donor for donated food. This law protects a food donor who donates canned or perishable food to a charitable or not for profit organization, and the charitable or not for profit organization which receives and distributes such food without charge, from “criminal or civil liability arising from an injury or death due to the condition of such food,” except in cases of willful, wanton, malicious or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: Kansas

Keep Austin Fed

Austin, TX nonprofit organization engaged in food recovery from commercial kitchens for distribution to hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, recipient organizations, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: Texas

Kentucky Association of Food Banks

Kentucky based nonprofit association of food banks, pantries, and shelters that redistributes surplus crops and unmarketable foods bought below market value for free to the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Kentucky

Kentucky InterFaith Power and Light

Louisville, KY based organization that runs Harvesting Hands, which gleans surplus produce from farmers markets and farms. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Kentucky

Kitsap Harvest

Kitsap, WA based organization that gleans from farms, farmers markets and pesticide-free fruit trees in private and community orchards. Recovered surplus food is distributed to the North and South Kitsap Food Banks and to free meal programs. The website includes information for volunteers, orchard owners and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Washington

KY. REV. STAT. § 141.392 (2013).

Title: Tax credit for donated edible agricultural products. This law establishes a tax credit for any donor in the amount equal to ten percent of the value of the donated edible agricultural products. The tax credit is set to expire on January 1, 2018. Further, the law also provides additional provisions in regards to the above tax credit.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: Kentucky

KY. REV. STAT. § 247.982 (2009).

Title: Grant program eligibility and compliance. This law establishes a grant program for nonprofit organizations that: (1) have at least five years experience in coordinating a statewide network of food banks and charitable organizations that serve counties in Kentucky; and (2) coordinate the collection and transportation of surplus agricultural commodities to food banks across the state. The law also stipulates other requirements for those nonprofit organizations that receive a grant.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: Kentucky

KY. REV. STAT. § 413.248 (2006).

Title: Liability of donor for damages resulting from condition of donated food. This law protects a “person, including an individual, corporation, partnership, organization, association, or retail food establishment,” who donates food to a nonprofit organization, and a nonprofit organization that distributes such food without charge, from civil or criminal liability arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: Kentucky

LA Kitchen

Los Angeles, CA based nonprofit organization that works with farmers and wholesalers to rescue produce which they process in their food hub for distribution to social services agencies around Los Angeles. The organization uses a social enterprise model that involves culinary job training. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

La Puente Food Bank Network

San Luis Valley based nonprofit that provides food, shelter and services to members of the Valley. The Food Bank Network connects the Valley's 13 food banks, and their gleaning program gleans excess produce from local farms for the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers, growers and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Colorado

LA. REV. STAT. ANN. § 9:2799 (2014).

Title: Limitation of liability for damages from donated food. This law protects a “food bank and its designated distributor or… any individual, farmer, food service establishment, school, church, civic organization, manufacturer, processor, packer, restaurant, wholesaler, or retailer of food, or vitamins,” who donates perishable, salvageable, or prepared food to a food bank for gleaning or free distribution, from liability arising from the condition of the food or vitamins, except in cases of an intentional act or omission or gross negligence.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southwest State: Louisiana

LA. REV. STAT. ANN. § 9:2799.3 (2014).

Title: Limitation of liability of restaurants, schools, churches, civic organizations, and certain food donors for damages from donated food. This law protects a “restaurant, church, civic organization, or school, or... any individual, farmer, manufacturer, processor, packer, wholesaler, or retailer of food” who donates perishable, salvageable, or prepared food for free distribution, from liability arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of an intentional act or omission or negligence.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southwest State: Louisiana

LA. REV. STAT. ANN. § 9:2800.4 (1993).

Title: Limitation of liability of owner of farm or forest land; owner of oil, gas, or mineral property. This law protects an owner of farm or forest land who allows a group or individuals to enter the land for the purpose of gleaning, without compensation, from liability for any injury or death in connection with such gleaning while on the land, except in cases of an intentional act or negligence.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southwest State: Louisiana

Lawrence Fruit Tree Project

Lawrence, KS nonprofit that provides education and assistance in growing perennial food plants and encourages donation of harvests. Rather than conduct its own gleaning work, the organization focuses on encouraging individual and community efforts.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Kansas

Lebanon Gleaners

Lebanon, OR based nonprofit that harvests surplus crops and food as part of their Lebanon Gleaners program. The website includes information for members, donors and volunteers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Let's Glean!

A toolkit created by the USDA that includes resources, information and steps for starting a gleaning project or organization. Cite: U.S. Dept. Agric., Let's Glean! United We Serve Toolkit (2010).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Liability Protection for Food Donation

This short guide details what activities and food donations are covered under the Good Samaritan Act. It also briefly addresses the difference in coverage between federal and state laws. Cite: Dana Hamilton, Marguerite Ahmann and Sarah Hall, Liability Protection for Food Donation, Public Health Law Center at William Mitchel College of Law (March 2013).

Type: Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Linn Benton Food Share

Linn and Benton County, OR based nonprofit that forms part of the Community Services Consortium, which partners with 14 gleaning organizations that conduct field and market gleaning, including collecting fireplace wood for those who depend on wood-based heating. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Long Table Harvest

Harvesting farmers' abundance to nourish and strengthen our community. Long Table Harvest was created in the fall of 2015 in order to address a significant need for low-income households to access fresh produce in Columbia County, New York.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

Loss Adjustment Manual (LAM) Standards Handbook

A resource for navigating the USDA's rules for gleaning acreage insured by federal crop insurance. Cite: U.S. Dep't of Agric., Loss Adjustment Manual (LAM) Standards Handbook: 2015 and Succeeding Crop Years (Jan. 12, 2015).

Type: Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Lovin Spoonfuls: A Food Rescue

Boston, MA based nonprofit that "facilitate[s] the rescue and distribution of healthy, fresh food that would otherwise be discarded" and delivers it to the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Massachusetts

Magic City Harvest

Greater Birmingham, AL based nonprofit organization that recovers perishable food for distribution to the food insecure through local nonprofit hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Alabama

Maine Federation of Farmers' Markets

Organization that serves as an association of Maine farmers markets that runs an End of Market Program to encourages farmers to donate their surplus produce and food crops at the end of the market day. Provides tips on market pick up, communicating with gleaning organizations; statistics on gleaning participation, and summary of the Good Samaritan Law. The website provides information for farmers and farmers market participants.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Maine

Marion-Polk Food Share

Salem, OR based nonprofit that partners with local grocery stores to recover perishable food and distribute it among their nearly 100 member service charities. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and food recipients.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Maryland Food Bank

Maryland based nonprofit organization that runs a Farm to Food Bank program which combines gleaning and contract growing to supply local produce to the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers, farmers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Maryland

MASS. GEN. LAWS CH. 94 § 328 (1988).

Title: Food donations; distribution, service and preparation; civil liability. This law protects a person who donates food to a nonprofit corporation, and a nonprofit corporation that distributes and serves donated food without charge or “at a charge sufficient only to cover the cost of handling such food,” from civil liability for any injury arising out of the condition of such food. However, the law does not grant protection from liability in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, intentional misconduct; or if at the time of donation such food has been misbranded, adulterated, or in violation of applicable regulations. There is no liability for donated food which is beyond the recommended the ‘sell by’ date.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Northeast State: Massachusetts

MD. CODE ANN. CTS. & JUD. PROC. § 5-404 (1997).

Title: Farmers and Gleaning. This law protects a farmer who permits a charitable organization to enter the farmer’s property for the purpose of gleaning, without compensation, from civil liability for any injury in connection with such gleaning while on the property unless the injury results from willful or malicious failure to guard or warn against any dangerous condition, use, structure, or activity.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Maryland

MD. CODE ANN. CTS. & JUD. PROC. § 5-634 (1997).

Title: Donated food. This law protects a person who donates, prepares, serves, or dispenses, food to a nonprofit corporation, organization, or association that uses and distributes such food without charge, from civil liability arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence or willful and wanton misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Maryland

MD. CODE ANN. TAX-GEN. § 10-208(G)(1) (2014).

Title: Donated farm products. This law establishes a tax incentive for the donation of farm products to a gleaning cooperative. The law provides that an individual may subtract from his or her federal adjusted gross income, “the wholesale market value, determined as of the date of the donation, of farm products donated by an individual during the taxable year to a gleaning cooperative; [which] exceeds...the amount attributable to the donated farm products that the individual claims as a deduction for a charitable contribution under § 170 of the Internal Revenue Code.” The law also provides additional requirements with regard to the above tax incentive.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Maryland

ME. REV. STAT. TIT. 14 § 166 (2009).

Title: Immunity for certain food donations. This law protects a food donor who donates canned or perishable food to a charitable or not-for-profit organization, and a charitable or not-for-profit organization that receives and distributes such food without charge, from “civil liability arising from injury or death due to the condition of the food,” except where the injury is the direct result of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Northeast State: Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 14, § 159-A (1995)

Title: Limited Liability for Recreational or Harvesting Activities. A landowner, lessee, or occupier, may grant permission to persons to harvest field products free of charge from the property. The landowner, lessee, or occupier who grants permission is not liable for injuries sustained by those harvesting unless the landowner, lessee, or occupier willfully or maliciously failed to warn “against a dangerous condition, use, structure, or activity.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Northeast State: Maine

MICH. COMP. LAWS § 324.73301 (2007).

Title: Liability of landowners for injuries to guests; gross negligence; willful and wanton misconduct; cause of action; definitions. This law protects an owner, tenant, or lessee of land who allows persons to enter the land for the purpose of gleaning agricultural or farm products from liability for any injury in connection with such gleaning while on the land, except in cases of gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Michigan

MICH. COMP. LAWS § 324.73301 (2007).

Title: Liability of landowners for injuries to guests; gross negligence; willful and wanton misconduct; cause of action; definitions. This law protects an owner, tenant, or lessee of land who allows persons to enter the land for the purpose of gleaning agricultural or farm products from liability for any injury in connection with such gleaning while on the land, except in cases of gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Michigan

MICH. COMP. LAWS § 691.1572 (1993).

Title: Good faith donation; immunity; exceptions. This law protects “an individual, farmer, food producer, processor, distributor, wholesaler, retailer, gleaner, or other person” who donates prepared, perishable canned or farm food items to a nonprofit corporation or charitable organizations that distributes donated food without charge from civil liability for any illness or disease arising out of the condition of such food, except in cases of willful, wanton, reckless acts, actual or constructive knowledge that the food was harmful to human health, or in violation of other provisions specified in the law.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Michigan

MICH. COMP. LAWS § 691.1573 (1993).

Title: Nonprofit corporations or charitable organizations; distribution of donated food; immunity, exceptions. This law protects nonprofit corporations or charitable organizations that receive food for free or “nominal cost distribution” from civil liability for any illness or disease arising out of the condition of such food, except in cases of willful, wanton, reckless acts, or in violation of other provisions specified in the law.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Michigan

Mid-Atlantic Gleaning Network (MAGNET)

National Capital region based nonprofit organization that plans gleaning events and transports surplus crops from farms to food bank hubs. The website includes information for volunteers and farmers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

Mid-Atlantic Gleaning Network (MAGNET)

A nonprofit working in the National Capital region. Organizes gleaning events and transports surplus crops from farms to food bank hubs. Information for volunteers and farmers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

Mid-Atlantic Gleaning Network (MAGNET)

A nonprofit working in the National Capital region. Organizes gleaning events and transports surplus crops from farms to food bank hubs. Information for volunteers and farmers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

Mid-Atlantic Gleaning Network (MAGNET)

A nonprofit working in the National Capital region. Organizes gleaning events and transports surplus crops from farms to food bank hubs. Information for volunteers and farmers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

Mid-Atlantic Gleaning Network (MAGNET)

A nonprofit working in the National Capital region. Organizes gleaning events and transports surplus crops from farms to food bank hubs. Information for volunteers and farmers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

Mid-Atlantic Gleaning Network (MAGNET)

A nonprofit working in the National Capital region. Organizes gleaning events and transports surplus crops from farms to food bank hubs. Information for volunteers and farmers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

Mid-Ohio Food Bank

Mid-Ohio based nonprofit organization that sources, procures, processes and delivers food and grocery products from a variety of sources for distribution to hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, advocates, donors and food recipients.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Ohio

Mid-Valley Harvest

The mission of Mid-Valley Harvest is to gather volunteers to harvest fresh produce to feed our community. That means that we work with local growers to get produce out of fields, orchards, and backyards that would otherwise go to waste. The food is then distributed across the community to help those in the need. Located in Corvallis, Oregon.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Mill City Gleaning

The Minneapolis, MN based nonprofit Mill City Farmers' Market partners with Campus Kitchen collect excess harvest from the market and distribute to residents of the Cedar Riverside neighborhood. Rescued produce is also used in Campus Kitchen's nutritious cooking classes. The website includes information for growers, vendors and market sponsors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Minnesota

Mindful Waste

A nonprofit organization dedicated to eliminating food waste through education, prevention and recovery.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Illinois

MINN. STAT. § 241.241 (2012).

Title: Prison gardening program. This law establishes a gardening program for inmates at each correctional facility where applicable. The law, in part, provides for the commissioner to “donate any portion of the harvest that cannot be used to feed inmates to food shelves and charities located near the correctional facility where the produce was grown.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Minnesota

MINN. STAT. § 241.241 (2012).

Title: Prison gardening program. This law establishes a gardening program for inmates at each correctional facility where applicable. The law, in part, provides for the commissioner to “donate any portion of the harvest that cannot be used to feed inmates to food shelves and charities located near the correctional facility where the produce was grown.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Minnesota

MINN. STAT. § 604A.10 (1998).

Title: Liability of food donors This law protects a food manufacturer, distributor, processor, or a person who donates food to “the state, a political subdivision, an institution or facility operated by the state or a political subdivision,” or nonprofit charitable organization, and a food bank or nonprofit charitable organization that collects, receives, and distributes such donated food at no charge, from liability for any injury arising out of the condition of such food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Minnesota

MINN. STAT. § 604A.10 (1998).

Title: Liability of food donors. This law protects a food manufacturer, distributor, processor, or a person who donates food to “the state, a political subdivision, an institution or facility operated by the state or a political subdivision,” or nonprofit charitable organization, and a food bank or nonprofit charitable organization that collects, receives, and distributes such donated food at no charge, from liability for any injury arising out of the condition of such food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Minnesota

MISS. CODE ANN. § 95-7-3 (1983).

Title: Charitable or nonprofit recipient, donor. This law protects any person who donates food to a charitable or nonprofit organization from civil liability for any injury or death arising out of the condition of such food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: Mississippi

MISS. CODE ANN. § 95-7-5 (1983)

Title: Charitable or Nonprofit organizations not liable as a result of distribution of donated food. Charitable or nonprofit organizations that receive and distribute donated food are not liable for injury or death resulting from the condition of the food.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: Mississippi

MISS. CODE ANN. § 95-7-5 (1983).

Title: Charitable or nonprofit organization, distribution. This law protects a charitable or nonprofit organization that receives and distributes donated food, without charge, from civil liability for any injury or death arising out of the condition of such food.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: Mississippi

MISS. CODE ANN. § 95-7-9 (1983).

Title: Required label. This law requires any charitable or nonprofit organization that distributes donated food to affix a label upon such food or where such foods are served, “stating that the food is not for resale and stating that pursuant to state law this organization shall not be liable in any civil action based on strict liability in tort for any injury or death because of the condition of such food.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: Mississippi

MO. REV. STAT. § 192.081 (2006).

Title: Donation of canned or perishable food--definitions--procedure--immunity from liability, when--department to provide information. This law protects a food donor who donates any canned or perishable food to a charitable or nonprofit organization, and a charitable or nonprofit organization that accepts, collects, transports, receives, or distributes such donated food for free distribution, from criminal or civil liability for any injury arising out of the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: Missouri

MO. REV. STAT. § 537.115 (2004).

Title: Food donation or distribution, limited liability, when. This law protects a food donor who donates any canned or perishable food or frozen and packaged venison to a charitable or nonprofit organization, and a charitable or nonprofit organization that accepts, collects, transports, receives, or distributes such donated food for free distribution, from criminal or civil liability for any injury arising out of the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, intentional misconduct. The law also provides that a food donor or charitable or nonprofit organization must comply with certain provisions regarding donated, frozen and packaged venison.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: Missouri

MONT. CODE ANN. § 27-1-716 (1981).

Title: Immunity of persons donating food for free distribution. This law protects a food donor or gleaner who donates any canned or perishable food to a charitable or nonprofit organization for free distribution, from criminal or civil liability for any injury arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence or intentional misconduct. The law also specifies that if the “ultimate distributor” charges any fee for such food, the donor or gleaner remains immune.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: Montana

Morgantown Farmers Market

Morgantown, WV farmers market that works with local groups to glean leftover foods at the end of each market day for distribution to a local charitable relief organization. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: West Virginia

Move for Hunger

By teaming up with relocation companies across the country, Move For Hunger is creating one of the nation’s largest year-round service programs. Our movers offer to pick up non-perishable food items from those who are moving and deliver it to their local food banks. We also work closely with farms to assist with gleanings and other food bank transports.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: New Jersey

N.C. GEN. STAT. § 106-706 (1992).

Title: Exemption from civil liability for farmers permitting gleaning. This law provides that any farmer who allows without compensation another person to enter the land for the purpose of removing any crops that remain in the fields after harvest to owe “that person the same duty of care the farmer owes a trespasser.” North Carolina courts interpret the law to impose a duty on a landowner to act without willfully or wantonly causing injury.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: North Carolina

N.C. GEN. STAT. § 99B-10 (1996).

Title: Immunity for donated food. This law protects “any person, including but not limited to a seller, farmer, processor, distributor, wholesaler, or retailer of food,” who donates an item of food to a nonprofit organization or nonprofit corporation, and a nonprofit organization or nonprofit corporation that uses or distributes such donated food, from criminal or civil liability for injuries resulting from the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: North Carolina

N.D. CENT. CODE § 19-05.1-02 (1983).

Title: Donor or gleaner liability for injury. This law protects a donor or gleaner who donates any perishable food to a charitable or nonprofit organization for free distribution from criminal or civil liability for injuries arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of negligence or willful conduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: North Dakota

N.D. CENT. CODE § 19-05.1-03 (1983).

Title: Food donated to charity. This law protects donors and recipient organizations from criminal or civil liability for injuries resulting from the condition of food distributed at no charge, except in cases of gross negligence or willful conduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: North Dakota

N.D. CENT. CODE § 50-06-35 (2009).

Title: Department of human services food assistance contracts. This law provides that the North Dakota Department of Human Services can “contract with a statewide charitable food recovery and distribution organization to develop and implement new methods of delivering charitable food assistance services in underserved counties.” The law includes additional provisions that the Department can implement in regards to expanding food recovery in the state.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: North Dakota

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 508:14 (2006)

Title: Landowner of liability limited. An owner, occupant, or lessee of land who permits any person without charge to use land for recreational purposes or as a spectator of recreational activity, is not liable for personal injury or property damage unless the owner intentionally caused the injury. Further, a landowner who permits persons to gather produce under a “pick-your-own” arrangement is not liable for injury unless they acted with willful, wanton, or reckless misconduct. There are no state definitions for “recreational purpose,” “recreational activity,” or “pick-your-own,” and the term might encompass gleaning.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

N.H. REV. STAT. ANN. § 508:15 (1995).

Title: Donors and Distributors of Food. This law protects a food donor who donates to a charitable or non-profit organization, and a charitable or non-profit organization that receives and distributes such donated food without charge or “at a charge sufficient only to cover the cost of handling and administering such food,” from criminal or civil liability for any injury arising out of the condition of the food. However, the law does not grant protection from liability in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, intentional misconduct; or if at the time of donation, distribution, or serving such food it has been misbranded, adulterated, or in violation of applicable regulations.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

N.J. REG. 371375 (September 15, 2014).

Title: State Food Purchase Program – Gleaning Support. This public notice, released by the New Jersey Department of Agriculture, establishes the Gleaning Support Program to support gleaning activities under the grant program. Further, this notice provides that interested eligible nonprofit entities that are gleaning from New Jersey farms and distributing such food to organizations feeding the hungry in New Jersey can request funds from the NJDA.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: New Jersey

N.J. STAT. ANN. § 24:4A-3 (1983).

Title: Nonliability for food donated to nonprofit organization. This law protects any donor or gleaner who donates prepared, perishable, or agricultural food to a nonprofit organization, and a food bank or nonprofit organization that receives and distributes such donated food, from criminal or civil liability for any injury or death due to the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or knowing misconduct. This law also protects an owner of agricultural food who allows gleaners to enter the land for the “purpose of harvesting donated agricultural food for distribution” from criminal or civil liability for any injury in connection with such gleaning while on the land or from consumption of the gleaned or donated food.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: New Jersey

N.M. STAT. ANN. § 41-10-3 (1989).

Title: Food donors liability protection; purpose; donors or distributors of canned or perishable food; limit on liability for injury. This law protects any person or gleaner who donates any perishable or canned food to a charitable or nonprofit organization or municipality from criminal or civil liability for any injury arising from the condition of the food, except for cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional conduct. This law also protects the charitable or nonprofit organization that receives and distributes food from criminal or civil liability for any injury arising from the condition of the food, except for cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional conduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southwest State: New Mexico

N.Y. AGRIC. & MKTS. LAW § 71-Z (2010).

Title: Liability for canned, perishable food or farm products distributed free of charge. This law protects a donor who donates any canned or perishable food, farm product, game or wild game to a charitable or nonprofit organization for free distribution from criminal or civil liability arising from the condition of the food, except in cases that the donor has “actual or constructive knowledge that the food is adulterated, tainted, contaminated or harmful to the health or well-being of the person consuming said food.” Further, this law requires a not-for-profit charitable organization to “provide liability insurance to persons engaged in gleaning activities organized or sponsored by such charitable organization.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Northeast State: New York

N.Y. GEN. OBLIG. LAW § 9-103 (1984).

Title: No duty to keep premises safe for certain uses; responsibility for acts of such users. This law provides that an owner, lessee, or occupant of premises, “owes no duty to keep the premises safe for entry or use by others for hunting, fishing, organized gleaning… or to give warning of any hazardous condition or use of or structure or activity on such premises to persons entering for such purposes.” Further, this law provides additional provisions for an owner, lessee, or occupant of premises who allows such activities on the premises, including protection from liability “for any injury to person or property caused by any act of persons to whom the permission is granted," unless the injury resulted from an act of gross negligence or a “willful or malicious failure to guard or warn against a dangerous condition, use, structure or activity.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Northeast State: New York

NEB. REV. STAT. § 25-21,189 (1989).

Title: Food; donations; limitations on liability. This law protects any person who donates any prepared or perishable food or raw agricultural products to a charitable or nonprofit organization, and a charitable or nonprofit organization that receives and distributes such food without charge, from civil liability for any injury or death arising from the condition of such food, except where the injury directly results from in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct of the donor. A charitable or nonprofit organization that receives and distributes such food without charge is relieved from civil liability based on the theory of strict liability unless the injury directly results from gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct of the organization.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: Nebraska

Neighborhood Harvest

The organization harvests fruits, nuts, and other produce that would otherwise go to waste from yards, gardens, and farms in and around Ashland, Oregon and donates to local hunger relief organizations. The organization only harvests fruits that have not been sprayed with pesticides.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

NEV. REV. STAT. § 41.491 (2009).

Title: Limitations on liability. This law protects any person who donates or harvests food or grocery product to a nonprofit charitable organization, and a nonprofit charitable organization that receives or distributes such food without charge, from civil liability for any injury or illness resulting from the consumption or use of such food, except in cases of gross negligence or willful misconduct. If the donated food does not comply with state or federal regulations, neither the donor nor the receiving nonprofit charitable organization is civilly liable so long as the donor has informed the nonprofit charitable organization of the condition and the organization reconditions the food to meet those federal and state standards. Further, this law protects an owner or manager of property who “allows a person to glean food from that property in order to distribute… or donate the food… without charge” from civil liability for any injury or death resulting from that gleaning, except in cases of gross negligence or willful misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: Nevada

NEV. REV. STAT. § 41.510 (2007).

Title: Limitation of liability; exceptions for malicious acts if consideration is given or other duty exists. This law provides that an owner, lessee, or occupant of any premises “owes no duty to keep the premises safe for entry or use by others for participating in any recreational activity [including gleaning], or to give warning of any hazardous condition, activity or use of any structure on the premises to persons entering for those purposes.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: Nevada

New Hampshire Farm to School

A program of the University of New Hampshire, NH Farm to School oversees the development of a network of gleaning operations throughout the state. The website includes information for volunteers and farmers interested in gleaning.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

New Hampshire Food Bank

NH based organization that offers volunteer gleaning opportunities throughout the state during spring and summer on local farms and in their production garden. The website includes information for food recipients, volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

New Jersey Agricultural Society

New Jersey based nonprofit organization that operates the Farmers Against Hunger Program to provide farmers the infrastructure and support to move surplus crops to food banks and food pantries. The website includes information for farmers and volunteers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: New Jersey

New Mexico Association of Food Banks

Albuquerque, NM nonprofit that acquires and distributes fresh produce to its partner member food banks. The website includes information for volunteers, donors, food recipients and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: New Mexico

New Orleans Fruit Tree Project

New Orleans, LA based organization that plans gleaning operations from owner-registered fruit trees in the city and encourages the planting to fruit trees for gleaning. The website includes information for volunteers, tree owners and registrants, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: Louisiana

NH Gleans

A network of organizations in New Hampshire working to increase the availability of fresh and local produce that is distributed to and through New Hampshire food pantries, soup kitchens, community suppers, and schools. The website includes information for farmers, donors, and volunteers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

NOFA-New Hampshire

New Hampshire chapter of the Northeast Organic Farming Association that runs a gleaning program, developed by NH Farm to School, which connects farmers, gardeners and food producers with food pantries. The organization conducts "Gleaning Days" throughout the growing season. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program, 7 C.F.R. § 1437.8(b) (2014).

This regulation stipulates that farmers filing a notice of loss under the Crop Disaster Assistance Program must not allow gleaning following the normal harvest until the crop acreage is released by a qualified Farm Service Agency (FSA) or Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) loss adjustor, as determined by FSA. The FSA may agree to specific gleaning activities during this period provided that the gleaning operation and farmer provide accurate records of the quantity gleaned.

Type: Federal Laws & Regulations Region: National

North Berkeley Harvest

North Berkeley, CA based organization that gleans fruit from neighborhood trees. The website includes information for volunteers and tree owners.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Northeast Iowa Food Bank

The Northeast Iowa Food Bank serves 16 counties in northeast Iowa through our distribution center in Waterloo, IA. We provide nutritious food to 5,800 different people weekly through a far-reaching network of over 200 food pantries, soup kitchens, schools, churches, and nonprofit groups.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Iowa

Northwest Harvest

Washington’s only statewide nonprofit food bank distributor. Their Growing Connections program is a resource for supporting farm-to-food bank strategies. The website includes information for volunteers, donors, hunger relief programs and advocates.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Washington

Nourish Now

Greater DC area based nonprofit organization that runs a food rescue program to accept food donations through drop-off and pick-up, and reduces food waste by encouraging the donation of prepared foods never used for service. The website includes information for volunteers and food donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Maryland

NY Common Pantry

New York City based nonprofit organization that accepts food donations and works to reduce food insecurity by supplying services to support the long-term independence of individuals in the community. Programs include hot meals, information on nutrition and active living, and other resources. The website includes information for food and services recipients, volunteers, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

Ohio Association of Foodbanks

Ohio based nonprofit association that operates the Ohio Agricultural Clearance Program, which works with the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services to purchase surplus crops and "unmarketable" foods for distribution through their network of food banks. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Ohio

OHIO REV. CODE ANN. § 2305.35 (2001).

Title: Immunity of donor in tort action for injury to gleaner. This law protects an “owner, lessee, renter, or operator of a farm or other real property” who allows a gleaner to enter such property to “salvage free-of-charge food items remaining on the property” for donation from liability for any injury, death, or loss of property resulting from that gleaning, except in cases of negligence, willful or wanton misconduct, or intentionally tortious conduct as defined by the law.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Ohio

OHIO REV. CODE ANN. § 2305.37 (2008).

Title: Consumer goods or perishable food; donation to certain nonprofit groups; limited liability. This law protects a person who donates perishable food or consumer goods to an agency, and an agency that distributes such donated food or goods, from liability that allegedly arises because those foods or goods are not fit for human consumption or use, except in cases of gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Ohio

OKLA. STAT. tit. 76 § 5.6 (2013).

Title: Food donations--Civil and criminal liability--Options for safe food donation--Regulation of use—Definitions. This law protects any food donor who donates to a charitable organization or non-profit corporation from civil or criminal liability for any injury resulting from the condition of the donated food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southwest State: Oklahoma

One Island Sustainable Living Center

With locations in Honaunau and Kapa 'au, HI, the nonprofit's No Fruit Left Behind program gleans from area farms and gardens. Half the harvest goes to the host farm, and half is placed into the local food system or sold at farmers' markets. The website includes information for community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Hawaii

OR. REV. STAT. § 30.890 (1989).

Title: Food gleaners, donors and distributors. This law protects a gleaner or food donor who donates food to a charitable or nonprofit organization for “distribution without charge or on a scale reflecting ability to pay or only requiring a shared maintenance contribution” as well as the charitable or nonprofit organization from criminal or civil liability for any injury arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: Oregon

OR. REV. STAT. § 315.156 (2014).

Title: Crop donation. This law allows a tax credit for qualified donations by a “grower” to food bank or other charitable organization as defined by the law. The law states that the “amount of the credit shall be 10 percent of the value of the quantity of the crop donated computed at the wholesale market price… [or] that the grower would have received had the quantity of the crop donated been sold or salable.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: Oregon

Oregon Food Bank

Portland, OR based nonprofit food bank that runs The Portland Fruit Tree Project where volunteers of all income levels harvest from backyard fruit trees and donates half of all gleaned product to food pantries with the other half going to volunteers and their families. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Our City in a Garden

Toledo, OH based organization that runs the Northwest Ohio Gleaning Project, which gleans from local farms and recovers surplus food from food processors for distribution through their partner organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, farmers, food producers, student gleaners and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Ohio

Ozarks Food Harvest: The Food Bank

Springfield, MO food bank that runs Full Circle Gardens, a fresh produce rescue program working in donors’ fields and gardens, assisting beginning growers, and providing community partners with financial support. The food bank’s Glean Team works to reduce food waste by gleaning from local farms. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and food systems advocates.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Missouri

Partners for a Hunger-Free York County

York County, ME based coalition seeking to address food insecurity in the region. The website includes information for growers, advocates, community members and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Maine

Peaceful Belly Farm

Garden City, ID based nonprofit that started Glean for the Idaho Food Bank, which delivers gleaned food to the food bank. The website includes information for volunteers and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Idaho

Peninsula Food Runners

San Francisco, CA based nonprofit that works to reduce food insecurity in San Mateo and Santa Clara counties. The organization picks up surplus food from restaurants, wholesalers, bakeries, and other vendors and delivers it to food shelters and other organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and recipient organizations.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Petaluma Bounty

Petaluma, CA based nonprofit that runs Bounty Hunters, which gleans surplus food from backyard gardens, farms and other venues and distributes it to food pantries, senior centers and others. Other programs include their educational urban farm Bounty Farm. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and food recipients.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Philabundance

Delaware Valley based nonprofit organization that runs a gleaning program to reduce food waste through field gleaning and encouraging local gardeners to share their harvest. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Pennsylvania

Philomath Community Gleaners

Philomath, OR based nonprofit works with local donors to recover food and firewood for low-income community members. Food is donated to three local food banks and other hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for volunteers and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Picking for Purpose

Many commercial growers and private homeowners have fruit trees, or entire orchards and fields that produce more fresh fruit or vegetables than they can harvest. Picking for Purpose invites them to register their crops online. Then the Merced County Food Bank staff organizes harvests and trains volunteers to gather the fresh produce. Volunteers sign up online, checking off a liability waiver that protects crop owners. The produce collected is distributed by the Food Bank to our neighbors in need through our network of nonprofit agency partners and direct food programs like Senior Brown Bag Program and Emergency Food Assistance Program.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Plenty!

Floyd County, VA based nonprofit organization that operates a farm which grows directly for donation where volunteers can glean in addition to other partnering farms for delivery to the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers, food recipients and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

Portland Fruit Tree Project

Portland, OR based nonprofit that gleans from registered fruit trees for distribution to food pantries and among volunteers. The website includes information for volunteers, tree owners, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Produce for Pantries

Produce For Pantries is a multi-partner organization that encourages home, school and community gardeners to plant, grow and share produce with food pantries and hunger-relief organizations in their neighborhoods.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Colorado

Produce From The Heart

The nonprofit is a SoSa West Affiliate and gleans from farms, gardens, and farmers markets in rural and urban Nebraska for distribution to the food insecure.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Nebraska

Produce to the People

San Francisco, CA based nonprofit that runs the Backyard Harvest Project gleans surplus produce from residential trees and distributes to local hunger relief and service organizations. Homeowners can register fruit trees and gardens for harvest. The website includes information for homeowners and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

ProduceGood

CropSwap is a gleaning program of ProduceGood (a 501(c)3 organization) that has been harvesting excess citrus in San Diego County since 2010

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Project Share

Carlisle, PA interfaith cooperative organization that organizes volunteer on-farm gleaning. The website includes information for volunteers, food and service recipients and food donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Pennsylvania

Project Share

An interfaith cooperative organization which organizes volunteer on-farm and farmers' market gleaning. Information for volunteers, food and service recipients and food donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Pennsylvania

Proposed Rule: Requirements for the Distribution and Control of Donated Foods

This rule proposes to revise and clarify requirements to ensure that USDA donated foods are distributed, stored, and managed in the safest, most efficient, and cost-effective manner at State and recipient agency levels. The rule would also reduce administrative and reporting requirements for State distributing agencies. Cite: Requirements for the Distribution and Control of Donated Foods, 79 Fed. Reg. 63224 (proposed Oct. 22, 2014) (to be codified at 7 C.F.R. 250-251).

Type: Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Protections Afforded by the Good Samaritan Food Donation Act

This fact sheet explains the purpose and protections offered for food donors and landowners who allow gleaning activities on their land by Washington’s Good Samaritan Food Donation Act. Overall, the analysis states that the actual liability protection offered by the law is minimal for a food donor, but gives effective liability protection for a landowner who allows gleaners on his or her land. Cite: Lane Powell Attorneys and Counselors, Protections Afforded by the Good Samaritan Food Donation Act, Washington Food Coalition.

Type: Legal Research & Resources Region: Western State: Washington

Providence N.E.W. Hunger Coalition

Coleville, WA based nonprofit that works throughout northwestern WA. Their Hunger Coalition Gleaning Groups harvest surplus produce for donation to area food banks. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and food recipients.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Washington

Pueblo

Oakland, CA based nonprofit organization that has an Urban Youth Harvest program which partners with Cycles of Change to help volunteers bicycle to backyard fruit tree sites to glean, then deliver the fruit to senior centers and residences. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

R.I. GEN. LAWS § 21-34-1 (2005).

Title: Immunity from liability for food donors. This law protects “a person, or organization including, but not limited to, a farmer, a processor, distributor, wholesaler, or retailer of food, or restaurant, or accredited culinary arts school” who donates food to a charitable or nonprofit organization “for the use or distribution to the needy” from civil or criminal liability for any injury or illness resulting from the condition of the food, except in cases of intentional misconduct or recklessness.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Northeast State: Rhode Island

R.I. GEN. LAWS § 21-34-2 (2008).

Title: Immunity from liability for distributors. This law protects a nonprofit or charitable organization that receives, prepares, and distributes donated food without charge, from civil or criminal liability for any injury or illness resulting from the condition of the food, except in cases of intentional misconduct or recklessness.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Northeast State: Rhode Island

Rachel's Table

Springfield, MA based organization that runs a gleaning project called Helping Harvest, which encourages youth and adult volunteers to participate in on-farm gleaning and distribution of food to pantries, shelters, soup kitchens and food shelves. The website include information for volunteers, food donors and farmers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Massachusetts

Reducing Food Loss and Waste

This working paper considers food loss and waste by global region through stages of the value chain and maps possible solutions, such as improving food expiration dates and incentivizing food crop donations. The paper also includes case studies highlighting potential methods of storing and transporting surplus crops. Cite: B. Lipinski, et al., Reducing Food Loss and Waste, World Resources Institute (May 2013).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Reducing food waste has economic, environmental and social benefits

This article provides a brief background on the issue of food waste in the U.S. and identifies gleaning and food recovery as methods to capturing surplus food. Notes that the Good Samaritan Act was enacted to address liability associated with food donation and provides resources from the USDA and EPA. Cite: Randy Bell, Reducing food waste has economic, environmental and social benefits, Michigan State University Extension (Mar. 27, 2012).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National State: Michigan

Regulating Food Waste

Regulatory mechanisms suggested to reduce food waste within the food chain.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Reno Gleaning Project

Reno, NV based organization that conducts urban and suburban gleaning of surplus produce and donates it to the Hands of Hope food bank. The website includes information for community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Nevada

Rescuing Leftover Cuisine

New York City based nonprofit that works with hotels, restaurants and other companies to encourage food donations that can be distributed to needy communities. Additional services offered include food waste consulting, excess food delivery, co-branding services, and tax credit assistance. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and those interested in donating food.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

Rhode Island Center Assisting those in Need

Nonprofit organization that provides social services and runs a food rescue program to retrieve, sort and distribute wholesome surplus food from grocery stores. The website includes information for volunteers and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Rhode Island

Roadrunner Food Bank of New Mexico

This nonprofit has locations in Albuquerque and Las Cruces, NM, and works with Seed2Seed to glean surplus produce from local farmers, gardeners and others. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and partner agencies.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: New Mexico

Rolling Harvest Food Rescue

Greater New Hope-Lambertville region based nonprofit organization that gleans food from farms and farmers' markets for distribution to hunger-relief agencies like food pantries. The website includes information for volunteers, agency partners, farmers and others, as well as some information about the Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Pennsylvania

Rotary First Harvest

Seattle, WA based nonprofit that runs Harvest Against Hunger, an AmeriCorps program engaging in on-farm gleaning. The website includes information for AmeriCorps, volunteers, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Washington

Rutland Area Food and Farm Link (RAFFL)

RAFFL's "Glean Team" gleans from farmers markets, participating gardens; and farms, as well as some processing of gleaned foods. Information for volunteers and farmers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Vermont

Rutland Area Food and Farm Link (RAFFL)

RAFFL's "Glean Team" gleans from farmers markets, participating gardens; and farms, as well as some processing of gleaned foods. Information for volunteers, farmers and gardeners.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Vermont

Rutland Area Food and Farm Link (RAFFL)

RAFFL's "Glean Team" gleans from farmers markets, participating gardens; and farms, as well as some processing of gleaned foods. Information for volunteers and farmers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Vermont

Rutland Area Food and Farm Link (RAFFL)

Rutland County, VT based nonprofit that manages a "Glean Team" to glean surplus produce from farmers markets, participating gardens and farms, and performs some processing of gleaned foods. The website includes information for volunteers, farmers and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Vermont

S.C. CODE ANN. § 15-74-20 (1992).

Title: Good faith charitable donor of distressed food exempt from civil and criminal liability; exception. This law protects a food donor who donates to a charitable or nonprofit organization or food bank for free distribution from criminal or civil liability for an injury arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: South Carolina

S.C. CODE ANN. § 15-74-30 (1992).

Title: Charitable or nonprofit organization receiving distressed food in good faith exempt from civil and criminal liability; exception. This law protects a charitable or nonprofit organization or food bank that receives donated food from criminal or civil liability for an injury arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: South Carolina

S.D. CODIFIED LAWS § 39-4-22 (1981).

Title: Donation of food--Immunity from civil and criminal liability. This law protects a donor or gleaner who donates any perishable food to a charitable or nonprofit organization for free distribution from criminal or civil liability for an injury arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §39-4-23 (1981)

Title: Liability for receipt of perishable food by charitable organization. This law protects charitable or nonprofit organizations that receive and distribute food at no charge from criminal or civil liability from injury resulting from the condition of the food unless the injury results from gross negligence, recklessness or intentional conduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: South Dakota

Sacramento Reverse Food Truck

The Sacramento Reverse Food Truck picks up fresh food donations from local farmers' markets and monetary donations at other events. Collected produce is delivered to area food banks and hunger relief organizations, and monetary donations support truck up-keep.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Salem Harvest

Salem, OR based nonprofit that gleans produce from farmers and backyard growers for donation to the Marion-Polk Food Share and other pantries. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Salvation Farms

Nonprofit organization focused on addressing food insecurity in Vermont through "agricultural surplus management." The organization founded the Vermont Commodity Program and is a participating member of the Vermont Gleaning Collective. The website includes information for volunteers, farmers, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Vermont

San Antonio Food Bank

San Antonio, TX based nonprofit that runs the Fresh Produce Program, which rescues and distributes food across 16 counties. The website includes information for volunteers, donors, corporate and partner agencies, food recipients and advocates.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: Texas

San Antonio Fruit Tree Project

San Antonio, TX based organization that gleans from residential fruit trees and donates the harvest to the San Antonio Food Bank. The website includes information for volunteers and homeowners.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: Texas

San Francisco Public Works: Urban Harvesting Program

The Public Works Dept. of San Francisco, CA works with residents and businesses recover and distribute locally grown produce. Food is distributed to area food banks and other hunger relief organizations. Homeowners who register their trees will receive supplies and support for harvesting and donating. The website includes information for homeowners and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Santa Cruz Fruit Tree Project

Santa Cruz, CA based organization that runs a Backyard Harvest Program and a Fruit Sharing Network, which connect residents with fruit trees to volunteer gleaners. The harvest is split between volunteers and hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Saving Grace Food Rescue

Saving Grace is a grass roots perishable food rescue and delivery nonprofit agency that picks up perishable food donations in refrigerated trucks from local restaurants, caterers, cafeterias, grocery stores, delis and food distributors. The nonprofit provides same day delivery free of charge to nonprofit agencies that serve families in need such as pantries, missions, after-school programs, daycares, senior centers and churches.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Nebraska

Seacoast Eat Local

This organization “connects people with sources of locally grown foods” by producing a local food guide, sponsoring workshops and events and providing information through a newsletter, blog and website in Northern Massachusetts, Southern Maine, and Southern/Eastern New Hampshire. The website includes information for farmers, donors, individuals, and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast

Seacoast Eat Local

Seacoast Eat Local is a gleaning network partner of NH Gleans and connects people with sources of locally grown foods and advocates eating locally for the health of our environment, community, culture and economy.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

Seagate Food Bank of Northwest Ohio

Toledo, OH based nonprofit organization that shares surplus donated products with surrounding counties and operates a gleaning program in partnership with other area organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Ohio

Seagate Food Bank of Northwest Ohio

A Toledo based nonprofit engaging in on-farm gleaning and distributes to senior centers or the Toledo Food Bank. Information for volunteers, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Ohio

Second Harvest Food Bank

New Orleans, LA nonprofit that provides food to 474 partner organizations across 23 parishes. The organization coordinates gleaning, packing and transportation of citrus fruit from local farms. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and food recipients.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: Louisiana

Second Harvest Food Bank of East Tennessee

East Tennessee based nonprofit organization that runs the Food Rescue program, which recovers prepared and fresh food from restaurants, schools, grocery stores, farms, and local growers for distribution to the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers, donors, corporate partners and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Tennessee

Second Harvest Heartland

With locations in Saint Paul and Golden Valley, MN, the nonprofit is a Feeding America food bank. Through their Share Fresh Minnesota program excess harvest is collected from local farms and distributed to hunger relief organizations. Additionally, their Food Rescue program partners with 350 grocery retailers and delivers recovered food to food pantries and shelves and shelters. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and food and service recipients.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Minnesota

Second Harvest: Food Bank of Northwest Pennsylvania

Northwestern PA based nonprofit organization that partners with local farms to glean surplus crops for distribution to member agencies to reach the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers, food recipients and food donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Pennsylvania

Second Helpings Atlanta

The nonprofit works throughout the Atlanta-metropolitan area rescuing surplus food and delivering it to those in need. With a team of over 400 volunteer drivers, SHA serves as the link between our network of over 50 donors and the front-line agencies who feed the hungry on a daily basis.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Georgia

Seed2Need

Corrales, NM based nonprofit that collaborates with the Sandoval County Master Gardeners and many others to plant produce gardens and engages in orchard gleaning for donation to local food pantries and soup kitchens. The website includes information for volunteers, sponsors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: New Mexico

Simple Steps to Donate Your Healthy Surplus

Guide to liability protections and tax incentives in donating food in NYC.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Northeast State: New York

Skagit Gleaners

Website and experience

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Washington

SLCGreen Fruit Share

Salt Lake City, UT government initiative. This program allows homeowners to register their fruit trees for harvest through their Green Urban Lunch Box program. The harvest is split between homeowners, volunteers and hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, homeowners and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Utah

Slow Food Denver

Denver, CO based nonprofit that gleans and cans surplus fruit from local trees; incorporating instruction in making jams and jellies. Often volunteers take home fruit products while the rest are donated to a local nonprofit. The website includes information for volunteers and members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Colorado

SoCal Harvest

Long Beach, CA based nonprofit that gleans backyard produce and fruit for donation to food pantries. The website includes information for food donors, volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Society of St. Andrew

Nonprofit with regional offices throughout the southern United States. The Society of St. Andrew maintains a Gleaning Network of religious and other organizations involved in on-farm gleaning. Information for volunteers, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: National

Soil Born Farms

Sacramento, CA based nonprofit that runs Harvest Sacramento, a collaborates with residents, nonprofits and community groups to harvest surplus produce from backyard gardens and donates to local hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, donors, food recipients and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Sonoma Valley Gleaning Project

Developed by the nonprofit Trinity Episcopal Church in Sonoma, CA, the gleaning project recovers surplus produce and delivers it to Sonoma area hunger relief programs. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Spiral Living Center

Cave Junction, OR 501(c)(3) nonprofit that gleans produce from farms throughout the Illinois Valley and splits the harvest among volunteers and hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for members and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Spoiler Alert

Spoiler Alert offers a collaborative, online platform and value-added services that enable food businesses, farms, and nonprofits to create or recover value from surplus food and organic waste.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Massachusetts

Spoiler Alert

Spoiler Alert is an enterprise software to support food waste management efforts for wholesalers, manufacturers, and retailers. We offer item-level tracking into how your surplus food is managed, tax documentation with e-signature verification from nonprofits, and a reporting dashboard to see the financial, environmental, and social metrics of your donation activity.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: National State: Massachusetts

Spokane Edible Tree Project

Spokane, WA based organization that offers education in tree care and resource recovery and engages in backyard fruit gleaning. The website includes information for volunteers and tree owners.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Washington

Sprial Gardens Community Food Security Project

Southwest Berkeley, CA based nonprofit organization that runs a Community Harvest Project to help homeowners and community members glean fruit from private and community grounds. The website includes information for volunteers and homeowners.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Squash Hunger

Capital Roots’ Squash Hunger program is a food donation initiative that collects and distributes fresh produce to our region’s food pantries and shelters each year. Since 2004 Capital Roots has involved thousands of community members in our effort to increase the presence of fresh food on communal tables. We rely on generous gardeners, farmers and grocery shoppers to donate fresh produce to our collection bins and on volunteers to deliver it to food pantries and shelter kitchens, some of which feed more than 100 people three meals a day, every day.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

St. Mary's Food Bank Alliance

Phoenix, AZ nonprofit that runs a seasonal citrus gleaning program and accepts fruit donations. The website includes information for volunteers, advocates, corporate partners, and food recipients.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: Arizona

Standford Gleaning Project

The Stanford University student group harvests fruit from campus trees for donation to local hunger relief organizations and service agencies. The website includes information for volunteers and advocates.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Subchapter B—General Regulations and Policies— Food Distribution Part 250—Donation of Foods For Use in the United States, Its Territories and Possessions and Areas Under Its Jurisdiction, 7 C.F.R. § 250 (2010).

This subchapter of the law explains the terms and conditions under which donated foods may be obtained from the US Department of Agriculture by federal, state, and private agencies “for use in any state in child nutrition programs, nonprofit summer camps for children, charitable institutions, nutrition programs for the elderly, the Commodity Supplemental Food Program, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, the Food Distribution Programs on Indian Reservations and the assistance of needy persons.”

Type: Federal Laws & Regulations Region: National

Table to Table

Northern NJ based nonprofit that recovers food unable to be sold from a variety of vendors and delivers food free of charge to needy communities in Bergen, Passaic, Hudson, and Essex counties. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: New Jersey

Table to Table

Iowa City, IA nonprofit that collects wholesome foods from a variety of donors for distribution to the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and partners.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Iowa

Tap Root Farm and Environmental Education Center

The Lancaster, NH-based gleaning program is a NH Gleans network partner collecting food for two regional food pantries.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

TEEG

This organization partners with the Connecticut Food Bank on its gleaning program, which assists farmers and volunteers with harvesting and processing surplus foods for donation to food pantries. The website includes information for food and service recipients; volunteers; and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Connecticut

TENN. CODE ANN. § 53-13-102 (2010).

Title: Donors; privileges and immunities. This law protects a donor or gleaner who donates food to a charitable or nonprofit organization for free distribution from criminal or civil liability for an injury arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of negligence, recklessness, or intentional conduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: Tennessee

TENN. CODE ANN. § 70-7-102 (2010).

Title: Landowners; safety; duty of care. This law provides that a landowner, lessee, occupant, or any person in control of land “owes no duty of care to keep such land or premises safe for entry or use… [nor] required to give any warning of hazardous conditions” on the land to any person who enters the land for such recreational activities defined by law, including “fruit and vegetable picking for the participant’s own use.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southeast State: Tennessee

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 76.004 (2015)

Title: Liability for damages from donated food. This law protects charitable or nonprofit organizations that receive and distribute food at no charge from criminal or civil liability from injury resulting from the condition of the food unless the injury results from gross negligence, recklessness or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southwest State: Texas

TEX. CIV. PRAC. & REM. CODE ANN. § 76.004 (1989).

Title: Liability for Damages from Donated Food. This law protects a person or gleaner who donates food to a church or nonprofit organization “for distribution to the needy” from civil or criminal liability for an injury or death arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct. Further, this law protects a person who allows gleaning by volunteers on his or her property from “civil or criminal liability that arises due to the injury of a gleaner,” except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Southwest State: Texas

The Alliance to End Hunger

National nonprofit organization working with policymakers, organizations, foundations, universities and others to end hunger domestically and internationally. The website includes information for members, donors, advocates and others.

Type: Policy & Research Orgs. Region: National

The Backyard Produce Project

San Diego, CA based organization that sets up donation sites where residents can drop off produce, organizes fruit tree gleaning activities and runs an organic orchard and garden. Produce is donated to the Friends and Family Community Connection and The Connection Church. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

The Berkeley Gleaners

Berkeley, CA area group that gleans unwanted fruit from community residents for distribution to hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors, and property owners.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

The Campus Kitchens Project

A Washington, D.C. based nonprofit working with "high schools, colleges and universities to share on-campus kitchen space, recover food from cafeterias and engage students as volunteers who prepare and deliver meals to the community." The website includes information for donors and those looking to start a campus kitchen campaign.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: National

The Community Kitchen, Inc.

Keene, NH based organization that runs theCommunity Kitchen (TCK) gleaning program which recruits volunteers to collect produce and work with local farmers to encourage participation in gleaning. TCK also runs a food pantry and serves hot meals during the week. The website includes information for food recipients, volunteers and food donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

The Community Kitchen: Business Case for Gleaning

A case study focused on gleaning as a means by which the Community Kitchen in Keene, NH can meet demand for fresh produce and remain viable long term. Cite: Laurie Caldwell, Paul Farella, and Geoff Riggs, The Community Kitchen: Business Case for Gleaning, Antioch University (2011).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

The Community Kitchen: Business Case for Gleaning

A case study of focused on gleaning as a way for The Community Kitchen in Keene, NH to meet demand for fresh produce and remain viable long term. Written by Laurie Caldwell, Paul Farella, and Geoff Riggs, Antioch University, 2011.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

The Food Bank for Humboldt County

Eureka, CA based nonprofit that gleans through their Local Food Resources Program. Surplus food is recovered from 49 local farms, ranches and orchards for distribution to the food insecure, and homeowners can register their fruit trees for harvest. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and food recipients.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

The Food Bank for Westchester

Elmsford, NY based nonprofit that serves as a Feeding America member receiving food donations of perishable and non-perishable items from national affiliates and local partners. Food acquisition programs include a Retail Recovery program for surplus food and local food drives. The website includes information for volunteers and food donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

The Food Bank of Western Massachusetts

Hatfield, MA based nonprofit runs the Food Bank Farm in conjunction with Mountain View Farm CSA, providing fresh produce for the regional food bank. Other services include food distribution, nutrition, and senior food programs. The website includes information for volunteers and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Massachusetts

The Food Group

The Food Group is an innovative hunger relief organization dedicated to serving the needs of our changing communities through the distribution and promotion of healthy foods to over 200 partner food shelves and meal programs. Through our various Fresh Produce Programs (including Fruits of the City, Garden Gleaning, Harvest for the Hungry and Lost Harvest) we strive reduce food waste and increase the amount of fresh produce distributed within the hunger relief system.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Minnesota

The Gleaning Network of Southern Oregon

Central Point, OR 501(c)(3) nonprofit that partners with local organizations to rescue food and feed over 210 families. The website includes information for volunteers, food donors and partner organizations.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

The Gleaning Network of Texas

Dallas, TX nonprofit engaged in on-farm gleaning and distribution to hunger relief agencies. The website includes information for volunteers, food recipients, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: Texas

The Gleaning Project

South Central PA based organization focused on food justice, community and sustainability. Delivers gleaned foods to food pantries and service agencies and encourages reduction of food waste by collecting from other food distributors. The website includes information for volunteers, farmers, food donors and agency partners as well as an extensive list of gleaning related resources.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Pennsylvania

The Gleaning Project

A South Central PA organization focusing on food justice, community and sustainability. Delivers gleaned foods to food pantries and service agencies and encourages reduction of food waste by collecting from other food distributors. Information for volunteers, farmers, food donors and agency partners.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Pennsylvania

The Gleaning Project

Delivers gleaned produce to food pantries and services agencies.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Pennsylvania

The Good Food Fight for Good Samaritans: The History of Alleviating Liability and Equalizing Tax Incentives for Food Donors

This article provides a history and analysis of donor liability in the U.S., food donor immunity, and tax incentives for food donors. The article discusses why enhanced tax incentives for food donations should be expanded and why equalizing tax incentives is the best way to increase food donations to those in need. Cite: Stacey H. Van Zuiden, The Good Food Fight for Good Samaritans: The History of Alleviating Liability and Equalizing Tax Incentives for Food Donors, 17 Drake J. Agric. L. 237 (2012).

Type: Legal Research & Resources Region: National

The Growing Project

Fort Collins, CO based nonprofit that promotes local food systems and food security through agricultural advocacy, education and experiences. Their Food Finders program works with a network of farms, groceries, gardeners and others to pick up excess produce and redistribute to hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for donors, volunteers, members and the community.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Colorado

The Hunger Network

We have a network of over 70 Hunger Centers strategically placed throughout Cuyahoga County. Hunger Network food pantries provide a three-day supply of groceries for each member of the household once a month based on requirements. We have hot meal programs throughout our network that offer complete and nutritious congregate meals, which are open to the community free of charge. Because our Hunger Center clients not only live in food desserts and experience food insecurity daily, they also live in areas that lack access to basic health resources. It is our mission to increase and maintain wellness for our Hunger Center clients and their families. Since 2016, Hunger Network staff, students, pharmacy experts, and health care professionals have completed more than 15,000 preventive health screenings to 2,300 Cuyahoga County residents. Our team continues to schedule educational speakers and present materials on topics such as nutrition, healthy cooking, and mental health. Hunger Network Food Rescue launched in November of 2018 with one goal: to bridge the gap between food waste and hunger. 40% of food is wasted while 1 in 5 Clevelanders face hunger. Our food rescue program acts as a direct response to bridge that disconnect while also addressing the environmental issues associated with food waste in our landfills. The Food Rescue Hero app developed by 412 Food Rescue in Pittsburgh, connects food suppliers to nonprofits through a dedicated corps of volunteers who transport fresh produce daily.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Ohio

The Law of Food Recovery: Reducing Risk, Maximizing Benefit, Creating Culture

The Food Recovery Project at the University of Arkansas School of Law produced this Prezi presentation. In part, it discusses the barriers to food recovery, explains the Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act, and provides information to assist in developing and implementing a comprehensive food recovery plan. Cite: Nicole Civita, The Law of Food Recovery: Reducing Risk, Maximizing Benefit, Creating Culture, Food Recovery Project, University of Arkansas School of Law (July 18, 2015).

Type: Legal Research & Resources Region: National

The Legal Guide to the Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act

This paper provides a detailed discussion of food waste and food insecurity in the United States while intending to inform those involved in the retail food industry of the provisions protecting them from liability under the Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Act. Cite: James Haley, The Legal Guide to the Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act, Ark. L. Notes 1448 (Aug. 8, 2013).

Type: Legal Research & Resources Region: National

The Society of St. Andrew / EndHunger.org

Fresh food feeding the hungry through the generosity of farmers and the great work of volunteers: Gleaning fields and distributing the fresh produce to area food pantries and food banks. Also receiving truckloads of produce from farms and packing houses and organizing volunteer groups to bag up the food, which is then picked up by regional feeding agencies.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: North Carolina

The Society of St. Andrew / EndHunger.org

Fresh food feeding the hungry through the generosity of farmers and the great work of volunteers: Gleaning fields and distributing the fresh produce to area food pantries and food banks. Also receiving truckloads of produce from farms and packing houses and organizing volunteer groups to bag up the food, which is then picked up by regional feeding agencies.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: South Carolina

The Society of St. Andrew / EndHunger.org

Fresh food feeding the hungry through the generosity of farmers and the great work of volunteers: Gleaning fields and distributing the fresh produce to area food pantries and food banks. Also receiving truckloads of produce from farms and packing houses and organizing volunteer groups to bag up the food, which is then picked up by regional feeding agencies.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Florida

The Society of St. Andrew / EndHunger.org

Fresh food feeding the hungry through the generosity of farmers and the great work of volunteers: Gleaning fields and distributing the fresh produce to area food pantries and food banks Also receiving truckloads of produce from farms and packing houses and organizing volunteer groups to bag up the food, which is then picked up by regional feeding agencies.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Georgia

The Society of St. Andrew / EndHunger.org

Fresh food feeding the hungry through the generosity of farmers and the great work of volunteers: Gleaning fields and distributing the fresh produce to area food pantries and food banks. Also receiving truckloads of produce from farms and packing houses and organizing volunteer groups to bag up the food, which is then picked up by regional feeding agencies.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Mississippi

The Society of St. Andrew / EndHunger.org

Fresh food feeding the hungry through the generosity of farmers and the great work of volunteers: Gleaning fields and distributing the fresh produce to area food pantries and food banks. Also receiving truckloads of produce from farms and packing houses and organizing volunteer groups to bag up the food, which is then picked up by regional feeding agencies.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southwest State: Mississippi

The Society of St. Andrew / EndHunger.org

Fresh food feeding the hungry through the generosity of farmers and the great work of volunteers: Gleaning fields and distributing the fresh produce to area food pantries and food banks. Also receiving truckloads of produce from farms and packing houses and organizing volunteer groups to bag up the food, which is then picked up by regional feeding agencies.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Tennessee

The Society of St. Andrew / EndHunger.org

Fresh food feeding the hungry through the generosity of farmers and the great work of volunteers: Gleaning fields and distributing the fresh produce to area food pantries and food banks. Also receiving truckloads of produce from farms and packing houses and organizing volunteer groups to bag up the food, which is then picked up by regional feeding agencies.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

The Society of St. Andrew / EndHunger.org

Fresh food feeding the hungry through the generosity of farmers and the great work of volunteers: Gleaning fields and distributing the fresh produce to area food pantries and food banks. Also receiving truckloads of produce from farms and packing houses and organizing volunteer groups to bag up the food, which is then picked up by regional feeding agencies.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Georgia

The Society of St. Andrew / EndHunger.org

Fresh food feeding the hungry through the generosity of farmers and the great work of volunteers: Gleaning fields and distributing the fresh produce to area food pantries and food banks. Also receiving truckloads of produce from farms and packing houses and organizing volunteer groups to bag up the food, which is then picked up by regional feeding agencies.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Nebraska

The Student Guide to Gleaning: Fresh Fruits and Vegetables in New York State

Created by the Hunger Action Network of New York State, this guide provides examples of gleaning projects, information about how to identify potential farms and approach them, which crops to select, how to properly and safely transport and handle food, and where to donate it. Cite: Hunger Action Network of New York, The Student Guide to Gleaning Fresh Fruits and Vegetables in New York State (2004).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Northeast State: New York

The Urban Farmers

San Francisco-based gleaning organization with seven chapters in Eastern Contra Costa County. We are in the final phases of developing the software application that will be available to qualified gleaning organizations that donate the harvest to the needy. The system helps gleaners track fruit donors, available trees to harvest, communicate with contacts such as fruit donors and volunteers, as well as schedule harvests, record results and generate receipts.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Tikkun Ha-ir of Milwaukee

Milwaukee, WI based nonprofit whose Surplus Harvest Milwaukee program recovers produce from individuals, farmers’ markets, and home gardens and orchards and distributes the food to food shelves and pantries, shelters, and other service organizations. Website includes information for community members and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Wisconsin

Tort Liability for Sports and Recreational Activities: Expanding Statutory Immunity for Protected Classes and Activities

As part of a broader examination of liability associated with selected recreational activities, this article evaluates the role of the Good Samaritan Act in providing liability immunity to those involved in gleaning activities. Cite: Terrence J. Centner, Tort Liability for Sports and Recreational Activities: Expanding Statutory Immunity for Protected Classes and Activities, 26 J. Legis., 26:1 (2015).

Type: Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Transition Sarasota

Sarasota, FL based nonprofit organization that runs the Suncoast Gleaning Project which harvests surplus produce from local farms for the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers, farmers, food recipients and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Southeast State: Florida

Trinity Community Gardens

Canyon County, ID based nonprofit that grows produce for donation to the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Idaho

Tualatin Valley Gleaners

Beaverton, OR based nonprofit that is made up of low-income members of the greater Washington County area. The organization engages in field and urban gleaning to reduce food insecurity. The website includes information for volunteers, partners, members, and the community.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Ugly Fruit & Veg Campaign

Campaign to sell and consume ugly fruits and vegetables as a means to end food waste.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

UlsterCorps

Ulster County, NY based organization that runs the UlsterCorps' Glean Team, a part of their Hunger Project Collaboration that gleans, processes and transports surplus foods to food pantries. The website includes information for volunteers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

Understanding the Sustainability of Retail Food Recovery

This paper uses an empirical model to consider the sustainability of food recovery operations and includes findings and recommendations. Cite: Caleb Phillips, et al., Understanding the Sustainability of Retail Food Recovery, PLOS One (Oct. 10 2013).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

UpRoot

Our mission is to create a holistic, healthy, economically vibrant and just food system within Colorado through gleaning, experiential education, and nonpartisan legislation.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Colorado

Urban Fruit Gleaning and Trespass

This blog post by the Community Law Center discusses the issue of liability associated with gleaning uneaten and unwanted fruit from trees on public land and in private backyards.

Type: Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Urban Gleaners

Portland, OR based nonprofit organization that redirects surplus food from farms, restaurants, grocery stores and other food producers to schools, hunger relief agencies and free farmers markets. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

Urban Gleaners

Based in Portland, Urban Gleaners rescues edible food that would otherwise be thrown away, and redistributes it to hungry kids and their families. Their programs include Farm to School, emergency food relief, and free summer farmers markets for school-age children and their families.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Oregon

USDA Farmers Market, Willingness to Glean, 7 C.F.R. § 170.12(c) (2005).

This regulation provides that those "participating in [United States Department of Agriculture] USDA Farmers Markets should commit to the USDA food gleaning/food recovery initiative," which requires that surplus food and "food products are donated to charitable organization... at the close of each market day." The regulation also refers any tax deduction questions to the IRS and allows for the receiving nonprofit entity to obtain a receipt for donated goods.

Type: Federal Laws & Regulations Region: National

USDA Recovery/Donations: Gleaning

This website provides links to resources for finding gleaning locations and food recovery organizations, as well as brief descriptions of and links to major federal laws relating to food recovery. Cite: U.S. Dep't Agric., Office of the Chief Economist. Last visited April 28, 2015.

Type: Legal Research & Resources Region: National

USDA Risk Management Agency Fact Sheet on Gleaning: Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington

This fact sheet explains defines gleaning, acceptable charitable organizations, and additional resources for crop insurance holders as part of the USDA’s support for gleaning of federally insured crops. Cite: Gleaning: U.S. Dep't Agric. Risk Mgmt. Agency, Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington: 2009 Insurance Fact Sheet (July 2008).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: Western

USU Food Recovery Network

Student volunteer organization at Utah State University (USU) and part of the national Food Recovery Network. We focus on utilizing food 'waste' and are now gleaning. To learn more, email Email.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Utah

UTAH CODE ANN. § 4-34-2 (1981).

Title: Donation to charitable organization authorized. This law authorizes any person who produces, processes, sells, or distributes any agricultural product to donate, free of charge, any such product to a nonprofit charitable organization in the state.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: Utah

UTAH CODE ANN. § 4-34-3 (1981).

Title: County surplus food collection and distribution system. This law authorizes any county to establish a surplus food collection and distribution system that would connect nonprofit charitable organizations needing agricultural products with such donors.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: Utah

UTAH CODE ANN. § 4-34-5 (1981).

Title: Limitation of liability of donor, charitable organization and county. This law protects a county, county agency, or donor of an agricultural product who donates to a food donation program, and a nonprofit charitable organization that receives, accepts, gleans, or distributes any agricultural product, from civil or criminal liability for any injury resulting from the condition of such food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional conduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: Utah

UTAH CODE ANN. § 78B-4-502 (2008).

Title: Donation of food--Liability limits. This law protects a person or entity who donates food to a nonprofit organization, and a nonprofit organization that distributes such food at no charge, from civil or criminal liability for an injury or death resulting from the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: Utah

VA. CODE ANN. § 3.2-5144 (2008).

Title: Exemption from civil liability in certain cases. This law protects “any farmer, processor, distributor, wholesaler, food service establishment, restaurant, or retailer of food, including a grocery, convenience, or other store selling food or food products” who donates food to any food bank for use or distribution by the organization from civil liability for any injury or death resulting from the condition of the donated food, except in cases of gross negligence or intentional act of the donor. Further, this law protects any farmer from civil liability for any injury or death sustained by a person who enters the farmer’s land for “purposes of removing any crops remaining in his [or her] fields following the harvesting thereof,” except in cases of gross negligence or intentional act of the farmer.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

Valley Stewardship Network

Viroqua, WI nonprofit that is based in the Kickapoo Valley and focused on sustainability, economic viability and locally sourced food. Their Food and Farm Initiative’s gleaning project organizes the pick-up and transport of donated excess produce. The website includes information for donors and advocates.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Wisconsin

Veggie Rescue

Santa Ynez, CA nonprofit that gleans produce from farms, farmers’ markets, gardens and orchards and delivers to hunger relief and school lunch programs. The organization serves Santa Barbara, Santa Ynez and Santa Maria. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and community members.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Veggie Volunteer Program

This is a program of the University of New Hampshire's Cooperative Extension. The website includes information for individual gleaning volunteers and farmers interested in coordinating gleaning activities on their land and additional gleaning related resources.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

Vermont Foodbank

Vermont based nonprofit food bank that operates a gleaning program to glean from farms located throughout the state, and to sort, bag, and deliver local produce to the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers and farmers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Vermont

Vermont Foodbank

The nonprofit food bank's gleaning program delivers local produce to the food insecure. Information for volunteers interested in on-farm and orchard gleans, and farmers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Vermont

Vermont Gleaning Collective

An initiative of Salvation Farms, the Collective is a network of "professionally organized community-based gleaning programs." The website offers an interface to coordinate gleaning activities and offers information and volunteer opportunities with many gleaning organizations throughout Vermont.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: Vermont

Village Harvest

San Francisco, CA based nonprofit organization that gleans from backyard fruit trees and community orchards for delivery to local hunger relief organizations. The website includes information for volunteers and tree owners.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

Volunteer Protection Act, 42 U.S.C.A. § 14503

This law protects nonprofit and government volunteers from liability provided, among other conditions, that the volunteer was acting within the scope of his or her established responsibilities and there was no intent to cause harm. This provision is not meant to conflict with any state laws limiting liability.

Type: Federal Laws & Regulations Region: National

VT. STAT. ANN. tit. 12 § 5762 (1983).

Title: Liability for canned or perishable foods or farm products distributed free of charge. This law protects a donor who donates any canned or perishable food or farm product to a charitable or nonprofit organization for free distribution from criminal or civil liability arising from the condition of the food, except in cases that the “donor has actual or constructive knowledge that the food is adulterated, tainted, contaminated or harmful to the health or well-being of the person consuming said food.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Northeast State: Vermont

VT. STAT. ANN. tit. 12 § 5793 (1997).

Title: Liability limited. This law protects an owner from liability for property damage or personal injury sustained by a person who enters the owner’s land for a “recreational use,” including “gleaning” as defined by law, except in cases of willful or wanton misconduct of the owner.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Northeast State: Vermont

W. VA. CODE § 19-30-4 (2001).

Title: Donation of food items; exemption from civil and criminal liability. This law protects any person who donates prepared or perishable food to a charitable or nonprofit organization, and any charitable or nonprofit organization that receives and distributes such food without charge, from civil or criminal liability for any injury or death due to the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: West Virginia

W. VA. CODE § 19-30-6 (2001).

Title: Authorization of donations; diversion of products by directors to organizations. This law authorizes any person who processes, distributes, or sells any agricultural product to donate, free of charge, any such product to a food bank in the state. The law also encourages the director of each department of state government to “divert, whenever possible, surplus agricultural products” to such organizations.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: West Virginia

W. VA. CODE § 19-30-7 (2001).

Title: Surplus food collection and distribution centers. This law authorizes the Department of Agriculture to continue to operate an information and food collection center that would “receive and transmit information concerning available agricultural products” to nonprofit charitable organizations needing such agricultural products. “The center shall also collect, receive, handle, store and distribute donated agricultural products.”

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: West Virginia

W. VA. CODE § 55-7D-3 (1998).

Title: Limiting liability of persons or corporations who donate food or grocery products; exceptions. This law protects a person or gleaner who donates food to a nonprofit organization, and a nonprofit organization that receives and distributes such food without charge, from civil or criminal liability arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: West Virginia

W. VA. CODE § 55-7D-4 (1998).

Title: Limitation of liability for landowners or occupiers who allow collection or gleaning of donations; exceptions. This law protects any landowner or occupier who allows gleaners or representatives of a nonprofit organization on his or her property for the purpose of collecting or gleaning of donations from civil or criminal liability for any injury or death of the gleaner or representative while collecting or gleaning, except in cases of gross negligence or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mid-Atlantic State: West Virginia

WASH. REV. CODE § 69.80.031 (1994).

Title: Good samaritan food donation act--Definitions--Collecting, distributing, gleaning—Liability. This law protects a person or gleaner who donates food to a nonprofit organization for “distribution to needy individuals,” from civil or criminal liability arising from the condition of the food, except in cases of gross negligence or intentional misconduct. Further, this law protects a person who allows “gleaners” or representatives of a nonprofit organization on his or her property for the purpose of gleaning from civil or criminal liability for any injury or death of the gleaner or representative, except in cases of gross negligence or intentional misconduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: Washington

Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 69.80.900 (1994)

Title: Construction. This law states that the statute does not create liability for nonprofit food distribution organizations unless an injury to the ultimate food recipient is caused by the distribution organization’s gross negligence or intentional misconduct (pursuant to §69.80.031.031 - http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/default.aspx?cite=69.80.031 ).

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Western State: Washington

Washington County Harvest of Hope

Mid-Ohio Valley based nonprofit organization working on food rescue and recovery that performs field and garden gleaning for distribution to local food pantries. The website includes information for volunteers, and donors.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Ohio

Waste Not, Want Not: Feeding the Hungry and Reducing Solid Waste Through Food Recovery

This EPA-produced guide is intended for states, municipalities and businesses interested in reducing their solid waste through food donation or other methods, such as food recycling or composting. The guide also provides information on working with food recovery organizations, liability and safety concerns associated with food donation, and provides lists of Good Samaritan laws and food recovery organizations by state. Cite: Environmental Protection Agency, Waste Not, Want Not: Feeding the Hungry and Reducing Solid Waste Through Food Recovery, EPA-A530-R-99-040.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

Waste Not: Breaking Down The Food Equation

A film by Pacific Lutheran University's Metalab in Tacoma, WA. The film addresses the issues of food waste.

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National State: Washington

Wasted: How America Is Losing Up to 40 Percent of Its Food from Farm to Fork to Landfill

This issue paper discusses food loss in the national food chain from farm to household disposal, and offers solutions for businesses, government, consumers, and the supply chain to reduce loss. Cite: Dana Gunders, Wasted: How America Is Losing Up to 40 Percent of Its Food from Farm to Fork to Landfill, National Resources Defense Council (Aug. 2012).

Type: Non-Legal Research & Resources Region: National

We Don't Waste

Denver, CO based nonprofit organization that recovers food from restaurants, caterers, and other food purveyors for distribution to service-minded organizations serving the food insecure. The website includes information for volunteers, donors, partner organizations and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mountain State: Colorado

West Michigan Food Bank

West Michigan based Feeding America nonprofit that runs a Food Bank Farm, organizes gleaning activities and collects surplus food from other sources. The website includes information for volunteers, donors and food recipients.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Midwest State: Michigan

West Side Campaign Against Hunger

New York City based organization that runs a customer choice "supermarket style" food pantry, accepts food donations and provides additional social services. The website includes information for food and service recipients and volunteers.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New York

Western Idaho Community Action Partnership, Inc.

Payette, ID based nonprofit that serves the food insecure at their Community Action Centers and organizes gleaning activities. The largest gleaning project, in Canyon County, works with local farmers to glean produce. The website includes information for volunteers and food and service recipients.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: Idaho

White Pony Express

The nonprofit organization partners with grocery stores, farmers markets, school lunch providers and other food retailers to pick up and deliver high-quality surplus food to local hunger-relief organizations. Information is available for volunteers, partner organizations, and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Western State: California

WhyHunger

This national organization provides grassroots support to assist community organizations to end hunger and poverty to “provide universal access to nutritious and affordable food.”

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: National State: New York

William & Mary Gleaning Club

William and Mary College student interest group that gleans from local farms and gardeners for donation to hunger relief agencies and Campus Kitchens.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Mid-Atlantic State: Virginia

Willing Hands

Nonprofit organization providing the food insecure with gleaned food from the Willing Hands Organic Farm, local farmers, and other donation sites. Also provides taste-tests and nutritional food cooking workshops. Information for volunteers, farmers, food recipients and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

Willing Hands

Nonprofit organization providing the food insecure with gleaned food from the Willing Hands Organic Farm, local farmers, and other donation sites. Also provides taste-tests and nutritional food cooking workshops. Information for volunteers, farmers, food recipients and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

Willing Hands

Upper Valley region based nonprofit organization providing the food insecure with gleaned food from the Willing Hands Organic Farm, local farmers, and other donation sites. The website includes information for volunteers, farmers, food recipients and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

Willing Hands

Nonprofit organization providing the food insecure with gleaned food from the Willing Hands Organic Farm, local farmers, and other donation sites. Also provides taste-tests and nutritional food cooking workshops. Information for volunteers, farmers, food recipients and others.

Type: Gleaning & Food Recovery Orgs. Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire

WIS. STAT. § 895.51 (2010).

Title: Civil liability exemption: food or emergency household products; donation, sale, or distribution. This law protects any person “engaged in the processing, distribution, or sale of food products,” who donates or sells, “at a price not to exceed overhead and transportation costs,” food to a charitable organization, food distribution service, or governmental unit, and any charitable organization or food distribution service that distributes such food free of charge, from civil liability for the death or injury caused by the donated food unless the injury was caused by willful or wanton acts or omissions.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Wisconsin

WIS. STAT. §895.52.(1983)

Title: Recreational activities; limitation of property owners’ liability. Property owners have no duty to keep the property safe for recreational activities or warn of unsafe conditions. Recreational activities include harvesting fruits and vegetables. However, property owners are liable if the injury was caused by the owner’s malicious failure to warn of a known unsafe condition or other malicious conduct.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Midwest State: Wisconsin

WYO. STAT. ANN. § 35-7-1301 (1992).

Title: Donation of food; exemption from civil liability. This law protects any person who donates food to a nonprofit organization, and any nonprofit organization that serves or provides such food free of charge, from civil liability for any injury resulting from the condition of the food, except in cases of willful, wanton, or reckless acts of the donor or organization.

Type: State Laws & Regulations Region: Mountain State: Wyoming